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Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, an early Jewish work, with some Christian interpolations, reckoned among the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha. The work may have been written as early as 1st cent. BC It purports to be the final sayings ( "Testaments" ) of the 12 patriarchs, i.e., the 12 sons of Jacob, to their respective families. They each reflect on the meaning of life and the sins which they have committed. Many of the Testaments espouse apocalyptic theology, teaching an ethical dualism similar to the Dead Sea Scrolls.

See J. H. Charlesworth, ed., The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (Vol. I, 1983).

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"Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/testaments-twelve-patriarchs

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs

Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs. A pseudepigraphical writing relating in twelve books the message that each of the twelve sons of Jacob gave to his descendants on his deathbed.

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"Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/testaments-twelve-patriarchs

"Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved October 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/testaments-twelve-patriarchs