Skip to main content
Select Source:

Montgolfier, Joseph Michel

Joseph Michel Montgolfier (zhôzĕf´ mēshĕl´ môNgôlfyā´), 1740–1810, and Jacques Étienne Montgolfier (zhäk ātyĕn´), 1745–99, French inventors, brothers. Together they invented the first practical balloon. On June 5, 1783, they sent up at Annonay, near Lyons, a large linen bag inflated with hot air; its flight covered more than a mile and lasted 10 min. In the same year a Montgolfier balloon sailed over Paris in the first manned free balloon flight.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Montgolfier, Joseph Michel." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Montgolfier, Joseph Michel." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/montgolfier-joseph-michel

"Montgolfier, Joseph Michel." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/montgolfier-joseph-michel

Montgolfier, Joseph Michel

Montgolfier, Joseph Michel (1740–1810) and Jacques Étienne (1745–99) French inventors of the hot-air balloon. In 1782, the brothers experimented with paper and linen balloons filled with hot gases collected over a fire. In November 1783, the brothers launched the first balloon to carry humans.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Montgolfier, Joseph Michel." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Montgolfier, Joseph Michel." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/montgolfier-joseph-michel

"Montgolfier, Joseph Michel." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/montgolfier-joseph-michel