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Pandulf

Pandulf (păn´dŭlf´), Ital. Pandolfo, d. 1226, Italian churchman. He was first sent to England in 1211 by Pope Innocent III on an unsuccessful mission to settle the pope's dispute with King John. In 1213 he again went to England as papal legate to receive John's submission to the pope, and the next year he collected papal revenues in England. After being superseded in 1214 for a short time, he returned to England, where he was elected (1215) bishop of Norwich. He remained loyal to John throughout the Magna Carta negotiations and aided royal efforts to revoke the charter. Pandulf was again superseded but returned to England in 1218 as papal legate. He exerted great political power, becoming, in effect, regent (1219–21) in the minority of Henry III until Stephen Langton (archbishop of Canterbury) secured his recall. Pandulf's administration was severe but efficient. After resigning his legateship, he was consecrated bishop of Norwich in 1222.

See F. A. Gasquet, Henry the Third and the Church (1905).

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Pandulf

Pandulf (d. 1226). Bishop of Norwich. Born in Rome, Pandulf was sent by Innocent III to negotiate an end to the dispute with King John, which had brought England under interdict. He arrived in 1211 and demanded the restoration of Archbishop Langton. John refused and Pandulf departed. He was sent back in 1213 by which time John's position had weakened and he sued for terms, doing homage to the pope for his kingdom. Henceforward Pandulf advised John and was created bishop of Norwich in 1215, though he was not consecrated until 1222. After John's death, Pandulf took a prominent part in the government of the country during the minority of Henry III, forming a triumvirate with Hubert de Burgh and Peter des Roches. He did much to restore the royal position after the vicissitudes of John's reign. But Langton's return from Rome resulted in Pandulf's legatine authority being cancelled in 1221 and his installation as bishop followed. He died in Rome but was buried in his cathedral at Norwich.

J. A. Cannon

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"Pandulf." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Pandulf." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pandulf

"Pandulf." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pandulf