Skip to main content
Select Source:

Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland

Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins, 1861–1947, English biochemist, educated at Cambridge and the Univ. of London. He was professor of biochemistry at Cambridge (1914–43). Among his contributions were important studies in carbohydrate metabolism and muscular activity, including the discovery of the relationship of lactic-acid formation to muscular contraction. Through his feeding experiments with laboratory animals he concluded that "accessory food factors" (later named vitamins) are essential to health. For this work he shared with Christian Eijkman the 1929 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He was knighted in 1925. His works include Newer Aspects of the Nutrition Problem (1922), The Problems of Specificity in Biochemical Catalysis (1931), and Chemistry and Life (1933).

See J. G. Crowther, British Scientists of the Twentieth Century (1952).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/hopkins-sir-frederick-gowland

"Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/hopkins-sir-frederick-gowland

Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland

Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland (1861–1947) British biochemist; discovered the amino acid tryptophan (1902, jointly with S. W. Cole), and later its essentiality; ‘accessory food factors’ (later named vitamins) 1906. Also discovered glutathione, and xanthine oxidase, the enzyme responsible for uric acid formation; Nobel Prize 1929.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/hopkins-sir-frederick-gowland

"Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/hopkins-sir-frederick-gowland