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Ireland, John (Nicholson)

Ireland, John (Nicholson) (b Bowdon, Ches., 1879; d Washington, Sussex, 1962). Eng. composer and pianist. Org., St Luke's, Chelsea, 1904–26. Prof. of comp. RCM 1923–39, pupils incl. Britten, Bush, Moeran, Searle, and Arnell. He made his reputation with chamber mus. and with pieces for pf. solo in which his understanding of the instr. is paramount. His songs are in the best Eng. tradition and are typical of Ireland's style, which nevertheless owes more to French influences than to English and has an individual restraint and austerity which is highly attractive. He did not compose syms. or large-scale choral works, but his orch. tone-poems and ovs. are colourfully scored and his pf. conc., with its racy jazz interludes, is among the best in the genre by an Eng. composer. Prin. works:ORCH.: Tritons, symphonic prelude (1899); Orchestral Poem in A minor (1904); The Forgotten Rite, prelude (1913); Bagatelle (orig. for vn., pf. 1911, arr. orch. 1916); Mai-Dun, symphonic rhapsody (1920–1); pf. conc. in E♭ (1930); Downland Suite, str. (1932); Legend, pf., orch. (1933); A London Overture (re-working of Comedy Overture, brass, 1936); arr. brass, unpubd., no date); Concertino Pastorale, str. (1939); The Holy Boy, orig. pf. prelude (1913), str. (1941); Epic March (1941–2); Satyricon, ov. (1944–6); The Overlanders, suite (1965, arr. Mackerrras from film mus. 1946–7).CHORUS & ORCH.: Vexilla Regis (1898); Greater Love Hath No Man, motet (1911, orch. 1922); These Things Shall Be, cantata, bar. (or ten.), ch., orch. (1936–7); Man in his labour rejoiceth, ch., brass band (1947).BRASS BAND: A Downland Suite (1932); Comedy Overture (1934, re-worked as A London Overture 1936, arr. for wind band 1986); Maritime Overture (1944); The Holy Boy (orig. pf. prelude 1913), arr. by Robert E. Stepp (1950).VOICES: Te Deum in F, ch., org. (1907); Greater Love Hath No Man (sometimes called Many Waters cannot quench Love), motet, treble, bar., ch., org. (1911, with orch. 1922); Jubilate in F, ch., org. (1914); An Island Hymn, male vv. (1915, rev. as Island Praise, 1955); They Told Me, Heraclitus, unacc. male vv. (1924); New Prince, New Pomp, carol, unacc. male vv. (1927); The Holy Boy, unacc. carol (orig. pf. prelude 1913–15), arr. vv. (1941); Adam Lay Ybounden, unacc. carol (1956); Island Praise, unacc. male vv. (1955, rev. of An Island Hymn, 1915).CHAMBER MUSIC: sextet, cl., hn., str. qt. (1898); str. qts.; No.1 in D minor (1897), No.2 in C minor (1897); Cavatina, vn., pf. (1904); Phantasy Trio in A minor (1908); vn. sonata No.1 in D minor (1908–9, rev. 1917), No.2 in A minor (1915–17); Bagatelle, vn., pf. (1911, arr. orch. by L. Bridgewater, 1916); pf. trio in E (1917); vc. sonata in G minor (1923, arr. for va. by Tertis, 1941); pf. trio in E minor (1938, based on unpubd. trio of 1912–13); Fantasy Sonata, cl., pf. (1943); The Holy Boy (orig. pf. prelude, 1913), arr. vc., pf. (1919), va. (by L. Tertis, 1925), str. qt. (1941), fl., pf. (by J. Galway, 1987).SONGS & SONG-CYCLES: 5 Songs of a Wayfarer (c.1905–11); Marigold (1913); Sea Fever (1913); I Have Twelve Oxen (1918); If there were Dreams to sell (1918); The Land of Lost Content (6 Housman poems) (1920–1); The Vagabond (1922); When I am dead, my dearest (1924, arr. v., str. qt. 1924); 3 Hardy Songs, v., pf. (1925); 5 Poems by Thomas Hardy, bar., pf. (1926); We'll To The Woods No More (3 Housman poems), v., pf. (1926–7); 6 Songs Sacred and Profane, v., pf. (1929–31); The Holy Boy (orig. pf. piece, 1913, arr. as song to poem by Herbert S. Brown 1938); Five 16th Century Poems, v., pf. (1938).PIANO: Decorations (3 pieces incl. The Island Spell) (1912–13); 3 Dances (1913); 4 Preludes (No.3 is The Holy Boy) (1913–15); Rhapsody (1915); 3 London Pieces (No.1 is Chelsea Reach) (1917–20); Merry Andrew (1918); The Towing-Path (1918); Sonata in E minor-major (1918–20, rev. 1951); Summer Evening (1919); The Darkened Valley (1920); 2 Pieces (For Remembrance and Amberley Wild Brooks) (1921); On a Birthday Morning (1922); Equinox (1922); Prelude in E♭ (1924); 2 Pieces (1925); sonatina (1926–7); Ballade of London Nights (c.1929, pubd. 1968); Indian Summer (1932); Green Ways (3 Lyric Pieces) (1937); Sarnia: An Island Sequence (3 pieces) (1940–1); 3 Pastels (1941); Columbine (1949).ORGAN: Intrada (1904); Villanella (1904, arr. for orch. by L. Bridgewater 1941 and by R. Binge 1949); Menuetto-Impromptu (1904); Marcia popolare (1904); Alla marcia (1911); Capriccio (1911); Sursum corda (1911); The Holy Boy, orig. pf. prelude 1913 (1919).

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"Ireland, John (Nicholson)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ireland, John (Nicholson)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ireland-john-nicholson

"Ireland, John (Nicholson)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved August 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ireland-john-nicholson

Ireland, John Nicholson

Ireland, John Nicholson (1879–1962) British composer, influenced by Brahms, Dvořák and Ravel. His works, firmly grounded in Romanticism and often inspired by places and landscape, include The Forgotten Rite (1913), Mai-Dun (1921), These Things Shall Be (1937), the overture Satyricon (1946), and many songs and piano pieces.

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"Ireland, John Nicholson." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ireland, John Nicholson." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ireland-john-nicholson

"Ireland, John Nicholson." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ireland-john-nicholson

Ireland, John (English composer)

John Ireland, 1879–1962, English composer. Inspired by visits to the Channel Islands, he wrote music of a simple, rugged beauty. His many songs include the cycle Songs of a Wayfarer (1903) and Sea Fever (1913), to the poem by John Masefield. In addition to songs, chamber music, and piano pieces, Ireland wrote orchestral music.

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"Ireland, John (English composer)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ireland, John (English composer)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ireland-john-english-composer

"Ireland, John (English composer)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ireland-john-english-composer