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Pepusch, Johann Christoph

Pepusch, Johann Christoph (b Berlin 1667; d London, 1752). Ger.-born composer, conductor, and organist. Mainly self-taught; expert in theory and history. Settled in London 1704. Played va. and hpd. in Drury Lane orch. One of founders of Academy of Ancient Music. Org. and comp. to Duke of Chandos 1715–31. From 1715 comp. mus. for operas and masques at Drury Lane and Lincoln's Inn Th. Probably comp. ov. for Gay's The Beggar's Opera (1728), but there is no evidence that he arranged the airs. Wrote treatise on harmony (1730) and other theoretical books.

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Pepusch, John Christopher

John Christopher Pepusch (pā´pŏŏsh), 1667–1752, German musician, who lived in London from 1700 until his death. As a theorist he became expert in Greek music and helped found (1710) the Academy of Ancient Music. He was the predecessor of Handel as composer to the duke of Chandos. While director of Lincoln's Inn Theatre he wrote music, notably for John Gay's The Beggar's Opera (1728).

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