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Fleming, Ian Lancaster

Ian Lancaster Fleming, 1908–64, English spy novelist, b. London. Son of a Conservative member of Parliament, Fleming was educated at Eton, Sandhurst, and Munich and Geneva universities and worked as Reuters' Moscow correspondent (1929–33), a stockbroker (1935–39), a British naval intelligence official during World War II, and foreign manager for the London Sunday Times (1945–59). The knowledge and worldliness these experiences brought were tapped in his creation of James Bond, the most famous fictional spy. His novels featuring the handsome, wily, and sexy Agent 007 include Dr. No (1958; film, 1963), Goldfinger (1959; film, 1964), and You Only Live Twice (1964; film, 1967). Fleming also wrote nonfiction and the children's book Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang (1964; film, 1968).

See biographies by J. Pearson (1966), D. McCormick (1993), and A. Lycett (1995); memoir by I. Bryce (1975, repr. 1984); studies by A. Boyd (1967, repr. 1975), T. Bennett (1987), B. Rosenberg and A. H. Stewart (1989), and J. Black (2001).

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"Fleming, Ian Lancaster." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Fleming, Ian Lancaster." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fleming-ian-lancaster

"Fleming, Ian Lancaster." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fleming-ian-lancaster

Fleming, Ian Lancaster

Fleming, Ian Lancaster (1908–64) English novelist. After a career as a journalist and banker, he wrote 13 escapist spy thrillers about James Bond, secret agent ‘007’, which won great popularity for their realistic detail, and sexual and violent fantasy. They include Casino Royale (1952) (in which Bond makes his first appearance), From Russia with Love (1957), and Goldfinger (1959). The subsequent films based on, or inspired by, his novels became a cinematic institution.

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"Fleming, Ian Lancaster." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Fleming, Ian Lancaster." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fleming-ian-lancaster

"Fleming, Ian Lancaster." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved July 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fleming-ian-lancaster