Skip to main content

Michelozzo di Bartolommeo

Michelozzo di Bartolommeo called Michelozzo Michelozzi (1396–1472). Florentine architect and sculptor of the Early Renaissance, a contemporary of Brunelleschi. He worked first with Ghiberti (1417–24) and later with Donatello (c.1425–32), with whom he designed and made a series of architectural funerary monuments. Around 1427 he designed the loggia and court for the Medici villa at Careggi, near Florence, having already remodelled the villa at Trebbio (c.1422). The influence of the essentials of Renaissance architecture and Brunelleschi's work is clear from his reconstruction of the cloister, refectory, cells, and public rooms at the Church and Monastery of San Marco, Florence (c.1437–52), including the light, elegant, triple-aisled, vaulted library. Michelozzi's best-known work is the enormous astylar Palazzo Medici (later Riccardi), Florence (1444–59), which has the lowest storey faced with rock-faced rustication and pierced with arched openings, channel-rusticated piano-nobile with regularly spaced semicircular Florentine arches, and a top storey of smooth ashlar, the whole held down under a massive cornicione. Behind this powerful exterior he designed an arcaded cortile (with echoes of Brunelleschi's Foundling's Hospital) that was to be enormously influential. Michelozzo was also responsible for the remarkable tribune in Santissima Annunziata, Florence (1444–55), one of the first centrally planned domed spaces of the Renaissance, with a polygonal plan off which are radiating apsidal chapels. Inspired by Brunelleschi's unfinished Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence (1434), it is even more strongly related to the Antique Roman temple of ‘Minerva Medica’, of c. AD 250, and was completed by Alberti. At Santa Maria delle Grazie, Pistoia (from 1452), he used the cross-in-square plan of central and four subsidiary domed spaces.

Michelozzi was capomaestro of Florence Cathedral (1446–55) and supervised the building of the lantern on the great dome. He designed the fortress-like villa at Cafaggiolo, Mugello (c.1452), the much more elegant Villa Medici, Fiesole (c.1458–61), remodelled the Palazzo Comunale, Montepulciano (1440), and designed the Hospital of San Paolo dei Convalescenti, Florence (1459). Although he was credited with introducing Florentine Brunelleschian ideas to Lombardy in the Portinari Chapel, Sant'Eustorgio, Milan (1460s), based on the Old Sacristy in San Lorenzo, Florence, this attribution is now rejected, as is his authorship of the Medici Bank, Milan.

Bibliography

Caplow (1977);
Ferrara & and Quinterio (1984);
Heydenreich (1996);
Lotz (1977);
Morisani (1951);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
Jane Turner (1996)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Michelozzo di Bartolommeo." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Michelozzo di Bartolommeo." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/michelozzo-di-bartolommeo

"Michelozzo di Bartolommeo." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/michelozzo-di-bartolommeo

Michelozzo Michelozzi

Michelozzo Michelozzi (mēkālôt´tsō mēkālôt´tsē), 1396–1472, Italian sculptor, architect, goldsmith, and founder. He was long associated with Donatello and Ghiberti. His first independent sculpture was the Aragazzi Tomb for the cathedral at Montepulciano; some of the statues and reliefs for that work remain in the cathedral, and two angels are in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. His fame rests chiefly on the architectural and decorative works to which he devoted himself after 1435; he shared leadership with Brunelleschi and Alberti in establishing the Renaissance architectural style. Michelozzo's best work was at Florence. The Medici-Riccardi Palace, which he built as architect and art adviser to Cosimo de' Medici, is one of the finest city houses ever built. He also enlarged and rebuilt the Monastery of San Marco and worked on the restoration of the Palazzo Vecchio. In 1446–51 he was director of works, succeeding Brunelleschi of Santa Maria del Fiore. Michelozzo planned or remodeled several villas for the Medici. The one at Fiesole (1458–61), with its terraced gardens, had an important influence upon the design of later villas.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Michelozzo Michelozzi." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Michelozzo Michelozzi." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/michelozzo-michelozzi

"Michelozzo Michelozzi." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/michelozzo-michelozzi