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Marchmont, Patrick Hume, 1st earl of

Marchmont, Patrick Hume, 1st earl of [S] (1641–1724). Hume succeeded his father as baronet at the age of 7. A strong presbyterian, he represented Berwick in the Convention of Estates in 1665 and 1667, and was MP for Berwickshire 1669–74 and 1689–90. His opposition to Lauderdale in the 1670s led to two spells of imprisonment. He was implicated in the Rye House plot and in 1685 joined Argyll's abortive rising on behalf of Monmouth. Next he threw in his lot with William of Orange, accompanying his expedition in 1688. He was created Lord Polwarth [S] in 1690, with an orange in his coat of arms, and advanced to an earldom in 1697. From 1696 until 1702 he was chancellor [S] and in that capacity used his casting vote for the immediate execution of Aikenhead, an 18-year-old youth charged with blasphemy—‘the worst action of his bad life’, in Macaulay's words. At the accession of Anne, his influence waned, though he exerted himself to carry the Union. Macky remarked that he was ‘a lover of set speeches’ and Macaulay ridiculed his loquacity: Complete Peerage, more tersely, called him a ‘turbulent scoundrel’. His son, the 2nd earl, was a vigorous opponent of Sir Robert Walpole in the 1730s.

J. A. Cannon

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"Marchmont, Patrick Hume, 1st earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Home of Polwarth, Sir Patrick

Sir Patrick Home of Polwarth, or Sir Patrick Hume of Polwarth (both: hyōōm, pōl´wərth), 1641–1724, Scottish statesman. Devoted to Presbyterianism, he opposed the policies of the duke of Lauderdale, took part in the unsuccessful rebellion of the 8th earl of Argyll in support of the duke of Monmouth, and fled to France. He returned (1688) with William III, who made him Baron Polwarth (1689), sheriff of Berwick (1692–1710), lord chancellor of Scotland (1696–1702), and earl of Marchmont (1697).

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"Home of Polwarth, Sir Patrick." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Home of Polwarth, Sir Patrick." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/home-polwarth-sir-patrick

Marchmont, Patrick Home of Polwarth, 1st earl of

Patrick Home of Polwarth Marchmont, 1st earl of: see Home of Polwarth, Sir Patrick.

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"Marchmont, Patrick Home of Polwarth, 1st earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Marchmont, Patrick Home of Polwarth, 1st earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/marchmont-patrick-home-polwarth-1st-earl

"Marchmont, Patrick Home of Polwarth, 1st earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/marchmont-patrick-home-polwarth-1st-earl