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Edinburgh, Philip, duke of

Edinburgh, Philip, duke of (b. 1921). The duke of Edinburgh is the son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, and nephew of Earl Mountbatten, who was killed in 1979. His grandmother, Victoria of Hesse, was the daughter of Alice, Queen Victoria's second daughter, and married Louis of Battenberg. Prince Louis was first sea lord at the outbreak of the First World War but forced to resign by the clamour against Germans: in 1917, when the royal family adopted the name of Windsor, Prince Louis took the name of Mountbatten and was created marquis of Milford Haven. His daughter married Prince Andrew. After school at Gordonstoun, Prince Philip entered the navy in 1938, served throughout the Second World War, and was mentioned in dispatches at Cape Matapan. His family connections, particularly through his uncle Louis Mountbatten, brought him into contact with the royal family, and his engagement to Princess Elizabeth was announced in June 1947. Before the marriage in November, he was given the Garter and a dukedom. Since 1952 Prince Philip has filled the difficult role of royal consort. Of the many societies and causes with which he is associated, the duke of Edinburgh's scheme for young people (1956) and his concern for the protection of wild life rank high. He retains much of the briskness and forthrightness of his early naval career.

J. A. Cannon

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"Edinburgh, Philip, duke of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Sep. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Edinburgh, Philip, duke of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/edinburgh-philip-duke

"Edinburgh, Philip, duke of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved September 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/edinburgh-philip-duke

Edinburgh, Prince Philip Mountbatten, duke of

Prince Philip Mountbatten Edinburgh, duke of (ĕd´Ĭnbərə), 1921–, consort of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain, b. Greece. He was the son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Princess Alice, daughter of Prince Louis of Battenberg, and a grandson of George I of Greece, great-grandson of Christian IX of Denmark, and great-great-grandson of Queen Victoria. He took an anglicized version of his mother's name, Mountbatten, when he became a British citizen in 1947, and renounced his Greek and Danish titles. Educated at the Royal Navy College, Philip served in the British navy during World War II. He was created duke of Edinburgh shortly before his marriage (Nov. 20, 1947) to Elizabeth. In 1957, Elizabeth conferred upon him the title of Prince. He has been a strong advocate of British scientific and technical innovation, wildlife protection, and conservation.

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"Edinburgh, Prince Philip Mountbatten, duke of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Sep. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Edinburgh, Prince Philip Mountbatten, duke of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/edinburgh-prince-philip-mountbatten-duke

"Edinburgh, Prince Philip Mountbatten, duke of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/edinburgh-prince-philip-mountbatten-duke

Philip, Prince, Duke of Edinburgh

Philip, Prince, Duke of Edinburgh (1921– ) Husband of Queen Elizabeth II of Britain and Prince Consort. He was born in Corfu, the son of Prince Andrew of Greece, and educated in Britain. He became a naturalized British citizen and took the surname Mountbatten. In 1947 he married Elizabeth after becoming the Duke of Edinburgh. He was created a Prince in 1957.

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"Philip, Prince, Duke of Edinburgh." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Sep. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Philip, Prince, Duke of Edinburgh." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/philip-prince-duke-edinburgh

"Philip, Prince, Duke of Edinburgh." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/philip-prince-duke-edinburgh