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Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, 1st Baron

Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, 1st Baron (1772–1863). Lord chancellor. Born in Boston (Mass.), son of J. S. Copley the elder, the portrait painter, he came to England, attended Cambridge University, and was called to the bar in 1804. He was appointed solicitor-general in 1819 and prosecuted the Cato Street conspirators and in the ‘trial’ of Queen Caroline. He became attorney-general in 1824, master of the rolls 1826, and Tory lord chancellor 1827–30, 1834–5, and 1841–6. A leading opponent of the Reform Bill, and a tower of strength to the Conservative Party in the Lords after 1830, he was a vigorous and effective speaker even in his later years. In 1856 at the age of 84 he was instrumental in defeating the government's plan to create life peerages. Benjamin Haydon wrote in 1845 that he looked like ‘a superannuated Mephistopheles’.

E. A. Smith

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"Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, 1st Baron." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, 1st Baron." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lyndhurst-john-singleton-copley-1st-baron

Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, Baron

John Singleton Copley Lyndhurst, Baron, 1772–1863, British jurist, b. Boston, Mass.; son of John Singleton Copley, the American painter. Educated in England, he was called to the bar in 1804. He attained notice by his successful defense of Arthur Thistlewood and James Watson (1817). He entered (1818) Parliament, became solicitor general (1819), attorney general (1824), and master of the rolls (1826). Between 1827 and 1846 he was three times lord chancellor. Although he defended radicals earlier in his career, in political life he was a Tory and a leader of his party in the House of Lords.

See biography by Sir Theodore Martin (1883).

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"Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, Baron." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, Baron." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lyndhurst-john-singleton-copley-baron

"Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, Baron." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lyndhurst-john-singleton-copley-baron

Copley, John Singleton (British jurist)

John Singleton Copley, 1772–1863, British jurist: see Lyndhurst, John Singleton Copley, Baron.

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"Copley, John Singleton (British jurist)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Copley, John Singleton (British jurist)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/copley-john-singleton-british-jurist

"Copley, John Singleton (British jurist)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/copley-john-singleton-british-jurist