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Carteret, John, 2nd Baron Carteret, 1st Earl Granville

Carteret, John, 2nd Baron Carteret, 1st Earl Granville (1690–1763). Carteret achieved prominence through Baltic diplomacy, 1719–20, and emerged untainted by the South Sea bubble crisis to become secretary of state for the southern department in 1721. Walpole and Townshend's jealousy led to his demotion to the lord-lieutenancy of Ireland in 1724 and dismissal in 1730, whereupon he became a leader of the Whig opposition. Upon Walpole's fall in 1742, Carteret was appointed secretary of state for the northern department. He quickly became George II's favourite minister and developed complex diplomatic schemes to assist Austria, Britain's ally in the War of the Austrian Succession. In the Commons there was outrage at the lack of apparent benefit and cost of Carteret's policies, led by Pitt but abetted by the Pelham brothers; in November 1744 Granville (as he had become) was forced to resign. After some years of semi-retirement, Granville was persuaded by Newcastle in 1751 to become lord president. He acted as an adviser to the king, Pitt, and Newcastle throughout the Seven Years War. Though often ill or inebriated, his opinions were much respected by the cabinet. An accomplished classicist, linguist, and wit, Granville's career was restricted by his laziness and an insufficient regard for the power of the Commons.

Andrew Iain Lewer

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"Carteret, John, 2nd Baron Carteret, 1st Earl Granville." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Carteret, John, 2nd Baron Carteret, 1st Earl Granville." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carteret-john-2nd-baron-carteret-1st-earl-granville

"Carteret, John, 2nd Baron Carteret, 1st Earl Granville." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved July 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carteret-john-2nd-baron-carteret-1st-earl-granville

Granville, John Carteret, 1st Earl

John Carteret Granville, 1st Earl, 1690–1763, English statesman, better known as Lord Carteret. He served as ambassador to Sweden (1719–20) and as a secretary of state (1721–24), but his favor with George I posed a threat to Robert Walpole, who finally forced his resignation and sent (1724) him to Ireland as lord lieutenant. There he dealt skillfully with the agitation against the new English currency patent, which Jonathan Swift attacked in his Drapier Letters. The patent was withdrawn in 1725, and Carteret became quite popular. Returning to England in 1730, he led the opposition that in 1742 finally accomplished Walpole's downfall. He was the chief minister in the new cabinet but soon became unpopular because he supported George II's Hanoverian policies and aided Maria Theresa in the War of the Austrian Succession. He was dismissed in 1744 and, although he served (1751–63) as lord president of the council, he never regained much influence.

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"Granville, John Carteret, 1st Earl." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Granville, John Carteret, 1st Earl." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/granville-john-carteret-1st-earl

"Granville, John Carteret, 1st Earl." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/granville-john-carteret-1st-earl