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Douglas, James Douglas, 2nd earl of

Douglas, James Douglas, 2nd earl of [S] (c.1358–88). Son of William, the 1st earl, whom he succeeded in 1384. To secure his loyalty to the new Stewart dynasty, he was given an annuity of 100 marks, Robert II's fourth daughter Isabella as a wife, and £500 Scots, following his father's brief claim to the throne (1371). Douglas was one of several Scottish earls who took advantage of the expiry of truce, and the domestic troubles of Richard II, to invade England (1388), initially across the Solway Firth to Cockermouth, and later in a smaller invasion in the east. This force eventually met with Henry (Hotspur) Percy at Otterburn (August 1388). In the ensuing battle Percy was captured, the English defeated, but Douglas killed. He was commemorated as ‘doughty Douglas’ in the ballad ‘Chevy Chase’. He lacked a legitimate heir, which eventually split the family into ‘Black’ and ‘Red’ branches.

Roland Tanner

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"Douglas, James Douglas, 2nd earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Douglas, James Douglas, 2nd earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/douglas-james-douglas-2nd-earl

"Douglas, James Douglas, 2nd earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved July 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/douglas-james-douglas-2nd-earl

Douglas, James, 2d earl of Douglas and Mar

James Douglas, 2d earl of Douglas and Mar, 1358?–1388, Scottish nobleman; son of William Douglas, 1st earl of Douglas and Mar. In 1373 he married Isabel Stuart, daughter of Robert II. With the aid of a French contingent he made raids on the English border in 1385. In the famous battle of Otterburn, celebrated in the ballads Chevy Chase and the Battle of Otterburn, Douglas himself was killed, but his forces were victorious, and his opponent, Sir Henry Percy, was taken captive.

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"Douglas, James, 2d earl of Douglas and Mar." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Douglas, James, 2d earl of Douglas and Mar." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 27, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/douglas-james-2d-earl-douglas-and-mar

"Douglas, James, 2d earl of Douglas and Mar." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 27, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/douglas-james-2d-earl-douglas-and-mar