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Meistersinger

Meistersinger (Mastersingers). Middle-class Ger. literary and mus. movement of 15th and 16th cents. cultivated by craftsmen's guilds and representing continuation of aristocratic Minnesinger of preceding 2 centuries. Movement declined in 17th cent., the Ulm school being disbanded in 1839 and its last survivor dying in 1876. The conduct of a mastersingers’ guild was very much as depicted by Wagner in his opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg. Rigid and pedantic rules governed the weekly meetings (after church on Sunday); competitions were held and prizes awarded; members were promoted into various classes: Schüler (apprentice), Schulfreund (friend), Sänger (singer), Dichter (poet), Meister (master). Title Dichter was awarded for new poem (Lied, Gesang), Meister for new melody (Ton, Weise). Several of the characters in Wagner's opera were historical personages, e.g. Konrad Nachtigall and especially Hans Sachs (1494–1576). Some attractive songs by Sachs survive, but generally Meistersinger melodies are dull and suffer from a surfeit of coloratura.

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"Meistersinger." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Meistersinger." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/meistersinger

"Meistersinger." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved August 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/meistersinger

meistersinger

meistersinger (mī´stərsĬng´ər, Ger. mī´shtərzĬng´ər) [Ger.,=mastersinger], a member of one of the musical and poetic guilds that flourished in German cities during the 15th and 16th cent. The guilds or schools comprised chiefly artisans who claimed artistic descent from the courtly minnesingers. Each member was required to compose and sing according to rigid technical formulas laid down in the Tabulatur. Candidates for the coveted rank of Meister were judged in public contest. Some of the song texts of Hans Sachs and others became famous, but it was Richard Wagner's opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (1868) that popularized knowledge of the movement.

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"meistersinger." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"meistersinger." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/meistersinger

"meistersinger." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/meistersinger

Meistersinger

Meistersinger German poet-musicians of the 15th–16th centuries. They formed guilds, which held competitions and awarded prizes. Generally, the songs were religious and followed strict conventions. Some guilds continued into the 18th century. Richard Wagner immortalized a meistersinger, the cobbler Hans Sachs (1494–1576), in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (1868).

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"Meistersinger." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Meistersinger." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/meistersinger

"Meistersinger." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/meistersinger

Meistersinger

Meistersinger a member of one of the guilds of German lyric poets and musicians which flourished from the 12th to 17th century. Their technique was elaborate and they were subject to rigid regulations, as depicted in Wagner's opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (1868).

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"Meistersinger." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Meistersinger." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/meistersinger

"Meistersinger." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved August 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/meistersinger