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gamut

gamut a complete scale of musical notes; the compass or range of a voice or instrument. Earlier, a scale consisting of seven overlapping hexachords, containing all the recognized notes used in medieval music, covering almost three octaves from bass G to treble E. The word comes from medieval Latin gamma ut, originally the name of the lowest note in the medieval scale (bass G an octave and a half below middle C), then applied to the whole range of notes used in medieval music. The Greek letter Γ (gamma) was used for bass G, with ut indicating that it was the first note in the lowest of the hexachords or six-note scales.

Notes in each hexachord were named using syllables of a Latin hymn for St John the Baptist's Day, in which each line began on the next note of the scale: ‘Ut queant laxis resonare fibris Mira gestorum famuli tuorum, Solve polluti labii reatum, Sancte Iohannes.’ A seventh note, si, was added later, from the initial letters of Sancte Iohannes. The scheme was adapted in the 19th century to form solmization systems such as the Tonic Sol-fa.

The system of naming the notes of a scale by syllables is attributed to the Italian Benedictine monk and musical theorist Guido d'Arezzo (c.990–1050).
run the gamut experience, display, or perform the complete range of something.

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"gamut." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"gamut." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gamut

"gamut." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved August 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gamut

gamut

gamut.
1. Properly, the note G at the pitch now indicated by the lowest line of the bass staff. Greek G or ‘gamma’ was used for its designation, and as the note just mentioned was the ‘ut’ (‘doh’) of the lowest hexachord, this portmanteau word was adopted as a name for it.

2. By extension, the word came to be used as a comprehensive name for the whole series of hexachords as displayed in writing.

3. By a further extension it came to mean ‘scale’ in general (Fr. gamme).

4. Also came to mean the whole range of mus. sounds from the lowest to the highest; and to be applied in a metaphorical way to a singer's or actor's range, e.g. ‘He covered the whole gamut of tragic expression’.

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"gamut." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"gamut." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gamut

"gamut." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved August 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gamut

gamut

gam·ut / ˈgamət/ • n. (the gamut) 1. the complete range or scope of something: the whole gamut of human emotion. 2. Mus. a complete scale of musical notes; the compass or range of a voice or instrument. ∎ hist. a scale consisting of seven overlapping hexachords, containing all the recognized notes used in medieval music, covering almost three octaves from bass G to treble E. ∎ hist. the lowest note in this scale. PHRASES: run the gamut experience, display, or perform the complete range of something: wines that run the gamut from dry to sweet.

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"gamut." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"gamut." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gamut-1

"gamut." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gamut-1

gamut

gamut (hist.) lowest note of the medieval musical scale XV; Guido d'Arezzo's ‘great scale’ comprising the seven hexachords and so all the notes used in medieval music XVI; (gen.) compass, range XVII. Earliest forms gammuthe, -othe, -outh(e), contr. of medL. gamma ut, i.e. gamma note one tone lower than A + UT.

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"gamut." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"gamut." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gamut-2

"gamut." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved August 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gamut-2

Gamut

Gamut

a range or scale of musical notes.

Examples: gamut of colours, 1824; of crime, 1859; of emotions; of Latin metre, 1864; of notes of music.

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"Gamut." Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Gamut." Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. . Retrieved August 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/gamut

gamut

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"gamut." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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