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Book of Changes

Book of Changes or I Ching (ē jĬng, ē chĬng), ancient Chinese book of prophecy and wisdom. The oldest parts of its text are thought to have attained their present form in the century before Confucius. Its images and concepts were taken partly from oracles and partly from the mythology, history, and poetry of earlier ages. The I Ching consists of eight trigrams, corresponding to the powers of nature, which according to legend were copied by an emperor from the back of a river creature. The trigrams are used to interpret the future with the textual help of supplementary definitions, intuitions, and Confucian commentary. The work is one of the Five Classics (see Chinese literature). The best-known English edition is that by Cary F. Baynes (3d ed. 1970); it is a translation of the German version by Richard Wilhelm.

See studies by H. Wilhelm (1976) and I. Shchutskii (1979).

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"Book of Changes." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Book of Changes." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 25, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/book-changes

"Book of Changes." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 25, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/book-changes

Book of Changes

Book of Changes (I Ching) Ancient Chinese book of wisdom. Although the oldest parts of the text are thought to pre-date Confucius, he is credited with the commentaries that form a part of the collection.

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"Book of Changes." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Book of Changes." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 25, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/book-changes

"Book of Changes." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved July 25, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/book-changes

Book of Changes

Book of Changes: see I-CHING.

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"Book of Changes." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Book of Changes." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 25, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/book-changes

"Book of Changes." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved July 25, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/book-changes