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ARCHAISM

ARCHAISM. In RHETORIC, literary criticism, and PHILOLOGY, a style that reflects the usage of an earlier period (literary archaism) and an out-of-date or old-fashioned word or phrase (a lexical archaism). Literary archaism occurs when a style is modelled on older works, so as to revive earlier practices or achieve a desired effect. Lexical archaisms are a common feature of such a style and of such registers as religion and law. Archaism is often a consequence of purism and may rest on the belief that language and life in days of yore were plainer, more democratic, and more natural. Such archaisms as ere before, prithee I pray you, are often used for effect, especially in the dialogue of historical novels: ‘Dear father, prithee add thyself to that venerable company ere the soup cools’ ( Margaret in Charles Reade's The Cloister and the Hearth, 1861).

See ANACHRONISM, JOURNALESE, SAXONISM.

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"ARCHAISM." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"ARCHAISM." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/archaism

"ARCHAISM." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Retrieved August 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/archaism

archaism

ar·cha·ism / ˈärkēˌizəm; ˈärkā-/ • n. a thing that is very old or old-fashioned. ∎  an archaic word or style of language or art. ∎  the use or conscious imitation of very old or old-fashioned styles or features in language or art. DERIVATIVES: ar·cha·is·tic / ˌärkēˈistik; ˌärkā-/ adj.

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"archaism." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"archaism." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/archaism

"archaism." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/archaism