Skip to main content
Select Source:

rafter

rafter. One of several long, inclined, rectangular timbers used in the construction of pitched roofs, supporting the roof-covering, e.g. laths and tiles. Types of rafter include:angle rafter: principal rafter under the hip rafter carrying the purlins on which the common rafters rest. In the USA any rafter at the angle of a roof, whether principal or not, hence either a hip- or jack-rafter in a valley;auxiliary rafter: in a truss, a rafter used to stiffen the principal by doubling it;binding rafter: purlin;common rafter: of uniform dimensions, placed at regular intervals along the sloping section of a roof, sometimes as intermediate members between principals. A pair of common rafters is a couple;compass rafter: one curved on the lower side, or wholly curved, as in a truss;compound rafter: two rafters, one set over the other, separated by cleats, distance-pieces, or spacers, the inner rafters being secondary rafters;hip rafter: one set diagonally at the hip of a roof where two slopes at 90° join, supporting the upper ends of the common rafters;jack-rafter: 1. One set diagonally at the valley of a roof where two slopes join, such as at a dormer-window roof, supporting the lower ends of common rafters. 2. Shorter common rafter between wall-plate and hip-rafter, or between a valley and the ridge;principal rafter: large rectangular inclined timber in a sloping roof supporting a purlin and also serving as a common rafter. A principal rafter not serving as a common rafter is a principal;valley rafter: one set diagonally where two roofslopes meet in a valley, e.g. at a dormer-window, as in jack-rafter 1;verge rafter: common rafter set beyond a gable to support the roof-covering beyond the naked of the wall, itself supported on the ends of projecting wall-plates and purlins.

Bibliography

Alcock,, Barley,, Dixon,, & and Meeson (1996);
W. McKay (1957)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"rafter." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"rafter." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rafter

"rafter." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rafter

rafter

raft·er1 / ˈraftər/ • n. one of several internal beams extending from the eaves to the peak of a roof and constituting its framework. raft·er2 • n. a person who travels on a raft.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"rafter." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"rafter." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rafter-0

"rafter." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rafter-0

Rafter

Rafter

a large and of ten motley collection of people and things.

Example : rafter of turkeys.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Rafter." Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Rafter." Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rafter-0

"Rafter." Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rafter-0

rafter

rafter OE. ræfter = OS. rehter, MLG. rafter, rachter, rel. to RAFT.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"rafter." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"rafter." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rafter-1

"rafter." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rafter-1

rafter

rafterbarter, Bata, cantata, carter, cassata, charter, chipolata, ciabatta, darter, desiderata, errata, garter, imprimatur, Inkatha, Jakarta, Magna Carta, Maratha, martyr, Odonata, passata, persona non grata, rata, Renata, Río de la Plata, serenata, sonata, Sparta, starter, strata, taramasalata, tartar, Tatar, Zapata •after, drafter, grafter, hereafter, laughter, rafter, thereafter, whereafter •chanter, enchanter, granter, planter, supplanter, transplanter, Vedantablaster, caster, castor, faster, grandmaster, headmaster, master, pastor, plaster •alabaster • telecaster • forecaster •broadcaster • sportscaster •newscaster • sandblaster •bandmaster • taskmaster •pastmaster • paymaster • ringmaster •quizmaster • spymaster •housemaster • Scoutmaster •toastmaster • schoolmaster •harbourmaster (US harbormaster) •quartermaster • substrata •sought-after

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"rafter." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"rafter." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rafter

"rafter." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/rafter