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propylaeum

propylaeum (prŏpĬlē´əm), in Greek architecture, a monumental entrance to a sacred enclosure, group of buildings, or citadel. A roofed passage terminated by a row of columns at each end formed the usual type. Known examples include those at Athens, Olympia, Eleusis, and Priene. The most splendid example are the Propylaea at Athens upon the west end of the Acropolis; their restored remains still stand. Of Pentelic marble, they were built (437–432 BC) at the command of Pericles by the architect Mnesicles.

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propylaeum

propylaeum, propylon (pl. pro-pylaea, propyla). Imposing monumental entrance gateway leading to a temple, sacred court, or enclosure, such as a battered gateway in front of Ancient Egyptian temple pylon-towers, or the large Doric gateway leading to the Athenian acropolis.

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"propylaeum." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"propylaeum." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/propylaeum

"propylaeum." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved July 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/propylaeum

propylaeum

propylaeum entrance to a temple, etc.; introduction. XVIII. — L. — Gr. propúlaion, sb. use of n. adj. ‘before the gate’, f. PRO-2 + púlē gate.

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"propylaeum." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"propylaeum." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/propylaeum-0

"propylaeum." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved July 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/propylaeum-0

propylaeum

propylaeum •um •Graeme, graham •athenaeum, atheneum, coliseum, Liam, lyceum, mausoleum, museum, peritoneum, propylaeum, Te Deum •Rijksmuseum

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"propylaeum." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"propylaeum." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved July 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/propylaeum