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Mihrab

MIHRAB

an indicator of the direction toward which muslims face in prayer.

While the etymology of the word is the subject of some debate, mihrab (pl. maharib ) is the Arabic term used to refer to any object, marking, or architectural feature that indicates the direction Muslims must face (that is, toward Mecca) in the performance of the five daily prayers. Since the mihrab commonly takes the form of a distinctive recess in the wall of a mosque, the word is often translated as "prayer niche." Traditionally crafted in stucco, marble, or tile and adorned with calligraphic scriptural inscriptions, the mihrab is usually the most elaborately decorated piece of architecture in a mosque and in some simpler settings may be the only ornamented part of a mosque's interior.

scott alexander

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"Mihrab." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Mihrab." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mihrab

"Mihrab." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Retrieved May 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mihrab

mihrab

mihrab. Semicircular, polygonal, or rectangular niche or recess, chamber, or slab in the qibla wall of a mosque, indicating the direction of Mecca. Sometimes the recess is merely suggested on a flat surface. Mihrabs are often elaborately decorated. The openings to them may be flanked by columns from the capitals of which spring arches, and the hoods of niches may be embellished with muqarnas.

Bibliography

Blair & and Bloom (1994);
Hillenbrand (1994)

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"mihrab." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"mihrab." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mihrab

"mihrab." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved May 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mihrab

mihrab

mihrab a niche in the wall of a mosque, at the point nearest to Mecca, towards which the congregation faces to pray.

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"mihrab." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"mihrab." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mihrab

"mihrab." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved May 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mihrab

Miḥrāb

Miḥrāb (directional niche): see MOSQUE.

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"Miḥrāb." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Miḥrāb." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mihrab

"Miḥrāb." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved May 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mihrab

mihrab

mihrabbarb, carb, garb, hijab, nawab, Punjab, sahib •rhubarb • mihrab

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"mihrab." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"mihrab." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mihrab-0

"mihrab." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved May 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mihrab-0