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boulevard

boulevard.
1. Broad street, promenade, or walk, planted with rows of trees, e.g. those laid out by Haussmann in C19 Paris.

2. Horizontal portion of a rampart, hence the promenade laid out on demolished fortifications, e.g. the Ring streets around many German cities. One of the first boulevards (1670) was created on the line of walls flattened by Vauban in Paris, running from the Porte St-Denis to the Bastille, intended as a promenade for pedestrians only.

3. Any wide main street, especially in the USA.

Bibliography

Goulty (1991);
Symes (1993)

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"boulevard." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"boulevard." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boulevard

"boulevard." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved November 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boulevard

boulevard

boul·e·vard / ˈboŏləˌvärd/ (abbr.: blvd.) • n. a wide street in a town or city, typically one lined with trees: [in names] Sunset Boulevard.

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"boulevard." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"boulevard." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boulevard-0

"boulevard." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved November 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boulevard-0

boulevard

boulevard broad tree-lined walk. XVIII. — F. — G. bollwerk BULWARK; orig. applied to a promenade laid out on the horizontal portion of a rampart in a demolished fortification.

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"boulevard." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"boulevard." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boulevard-1

"boulevard." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved November 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boulevard-1

boulevard

boulevardAssad, aubade, avant-garde, backyard, ballade, bard, Bernard, bombard, canard, card, charade, chard, couvade, croustade, Cunard, facade, glissade, guard, hard, ill-starred, interlard, lard, Montagnard, nard, pard, petard, pomade, promenade, regard, retard, rodomontade, roulade, saccade, Sade, salade, sard, shard, unmarred, unscarred, yard •Bayard • galliard • Savoyard •Svalbard •bombarde, Lombard •Goddard • blackguard • vanguard •Asgard • safeguard • Midgard •bodyguard • lifeguard • Bogarde •coastguard • mudguard • rearguard •fireguard • Kierkegaard • diehard •blowhard •Jacquard, placard •flashcard • railcard • racecard • Picard •scorecard • showcard • phonecard •Ballard, mallard •Willard • Abelard • bollard • Barnard •Maynard, reynard •communard • Oudenarde • Stoppard •Gerard • Everard • brassard •Hansard, mansard •Trenchard • Ostade • leotard •boulevard • scrapyard • farmyard •barnyard • graveyard • brickyard •shipyard •dockyard, stockyard •foreyard • courtyard • boatyard •woodyard • junkyard • churchyard

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"boulevard." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"boulevard." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boulevard

"boulevard." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved November 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/boulevard