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Adobe

ADOBE

ADOBE (corrupted to "dobie" by Anglo-Americans), a type of construction used principally in the Rocky Mountain plateau and the southwestern United States. The method came from North Africa via Spain and was introduced into the Southwest by the Spanish conquerors in the sixteenth century. Most of the Spanish mission buildings were made of this material. Wet clay and chopped hay or other fibrous material were mixed together and then tramped with bare feet. This was molded into bricks and sun dried. Mud was used as mortar. Adobe was widely used to build forts and trading posts as far east


and north as Nebraska. In the twentieth century, the adobe look emerged as a popular residential building style in southwestern cities and suburbs.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Spears, Beverly. American Adobes: Rural Houses of Northern New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1986.

EverettDick/a. r.

See alsoBuilding Materials ; New Mexico ; Pueblo .

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"Adobe." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Adobe." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe

"Adobe." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe

adobe

adobe. Sun-dried unburned clay or earth building-brick or -block (clay-bat) made with straw, found in England, Spain, and Latin America, The Netherlands, the southern USA, the Middle East (e.g. high-rise buildings in Yemen), bronze-age Mesopotamia, Africa, etc. Compare cob, pisé de terre, and tabia.

Bibliography

Bourgeois (1989);
Davey (1961);
Dethier (1983);
Romero & and Larkin (1994)

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"adobe." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"adobe." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe

"adobe." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe

adobe

a·do·be / əˈdōbē/ • n. a kind of clay used as a building material, typically in the form of sun-dried bricks: [as adj.] adobe houses. ∎  a brick of such a type. ∎  a building constructed from such material.

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"adobe." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"adobe." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe-0

"adobe." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe-0

adobe

adobe A silty clay, often calcareous, that is found in dry, desert-lake basins. This fine-grained sediment is usually deposited by desert floods which have eroded wind-blown loess deposits. It is widely used locally as a building material. The term is of Spanish origin.

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"adobe." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"adobe." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe-0

"adobe." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe-0

adobe

adobe A silty clay, often calcareous, found in dry, desert-lake basins. This fine-grained sediment is usually deposited by desert floods which have eroded wind-blown loess deposits. The term is of Spanish origin.

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"adobe." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"adobe." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe

"adobe." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe

adobe

adobe unburnt brick dried in the sun. XVIII. — Sp., f. Arab. aţūb, i.e. AL-2, ṭūb brick.

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"adobe." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"adobe." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe-1

"adobe." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe-1

adobe

adobe (ədō´bē): see rammed earth.

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"adobe." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"adobe." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/adobe

"adobe." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/adobe

adobe

adobeabbey, cabby, crabby, flabby, gabby, grabby, Rabbie, scabby, shabby, tabby, yabby •namby-pamby •Abu Dhabi, Babi, Darby, derby, kohlrabi, Mugabe, Punjabi, WahhabiEntebbe, plebby •cobwebby •Achebe, baby, maybe •Naseby • crybaby • bushbaby •freebie, Hebe, phoebe •Libby • Digby •astilbe, Philby, trilby •Dimbleby • nimby • Whitby •frisbee, Thisbe •Grimsby • renminbi • honeybee •oribi •Bobbie, bobby, Gobbi, hobby, knobby, lobby, snobby, swabbie •Dolby • zombie • Crosby •corbie, warby •Albee • Formby • Port Moresby •adobe, dhobi, dobe, Nairobi, obi, Robey •Toynbee •booby, jube, newbie, Newby, ruby •would-be •chubby, clubby, cubby, grubby, hubby, nubby, scrubby, shrubby, stubby, tubby •rugby • bumblebee • brumby • busby •Niobe • Jacobi • Lockerbie • Allenby •Willoughby • wallaby • wannabe •Araby • tsessebi • herby

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"adobe." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"adobe." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe

"adobe." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/adobe