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Danegeld

Danegeld. The term is often applied to tribute payments made to the Vikings in the reign of Æthelred II (978–1016); these payments are known as gafol in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. In 1012 Æthelred introduced an annual land tax, levied throughout the country, to pay for a Scandinavian force led by Thorkell the Tall which he had recruited to fight for him. The levy was continued by Cnut and his sons to pay for their own standing forces and was only abolished by Edward the Confessor in 1051. It was this tax which Norman administrative documents called ‘Danegeld’, though the Anglo-Saxons knew it as heregeld (‘army tax’).

Barbara Yorke

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"Danegeld." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Danegeld." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/danegeld

"Danegeld." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved August 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/danegeld

Danegeld

Danegeld (dān´gĕld´), medieval land tax originally raised to buy off raiding Danes and later used for military expenditures. In England the tribute was first levied in 868, then in 871 by Alfred, and occasionally thereafter. Under Æthelred (965?–1016) it became a regular tax, and was collected by later rulers until the 12th cent., when it was converted into tallage.

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"Danegeld." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Danegeld." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/danegeld

"Danegeld." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/danegeld