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London Missionary Society

London Missionary Society. Founded in 1795 as a non-denominational body to proclaim ‘the glorious gospel of the blessed God’ abroad, it adopted the name London Missionary Society (1818) and became mainly congregationalist. The first mission to Tahiti (1797) only became successful under John Williams (1817), translator of the New Testament into Rarotongan (1834), who was killed and eaten (1839). Brief success in Sierra Leone was followed by lasting success in South Africa under John Philip, where its most celebrated missionaries were Robert Moffat and David Livingstone. There were also missions to India and under Robert Morrison to Guangzhou, China (1807–34), the first protestant missionaries there. Since 1973 it has been known as the Council for World Mission.

Revd Dr William M. Marshall

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