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Jewel, John

Jewel, John (1522–71). Bishop. Born in Devonshire and educated at Merton College, Oxford, Jewel became a fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, but was deprived at the accession of Mary and fled to the continent. He returned in 1559 after Elizabeth's accession and was made bishop of Salisbury. In 1562 his Apologia pro Ecclesia Anglicana defended the Church of England from the charge of heresy. At the same time, Jewel resisted calvinist demands for further changes. One of his disciples was Richard Hooker, who produced the most famous justification of Elizabeth's church settlement as a via media.

J. A. Cannon

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