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Congested Districts Board

Congested Districts Board (Ireland). The board was set up in 1891 by Balfour when chief secretary for Ireland as the positive side of his policy of firmness and reform—to kill Home Rule by kindness, it was suggested. The objective was to alleviate the dire poverty of the west of Ireland by providing funds for land purchase, building bridges and light railways, improving drainage, and sponsoring industries. Its resources were strengthened by George Wyndham in 1903. Before it was replaced in 1923, the board achieved much, but it did not kill Home Rule.

J. A. Cannon

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