Skip to main content

Butler, Josephine

Butler, Josephine (1828–1906). Campaigner for women. Born in Northumberland, daughter of John Grey, a political agent for the Whigs, she married George Butler, an academic and later dean of Winchester, in 1852. She first took up philanthropic work amongst poor women in Oxford and continued it after moving to Liverpool in 1864. She became president of the North of England Council for the Higher Education of Women (1869–70) and secretary (1869–85) of the Ladies' National Association for the Repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts, passed in 1866–9 to regulate prostitution in garrison towns and ports. She campaigned against this abuse of women's rights and its double standard of morality until repeal in 1883–6. In 1874 she took up the cause of girls exported for prostitution, and later supported W. T. Stead's National Vigilance Association. She withdrew from public life after the death of her husband in 1890.

Edward Royle

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Butler, Josephine." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Butler, Josephine." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/butler-josephine

"Butler, Josephine." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved November 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/butler-josephine

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.