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syenite

syenite A saturated, coarse-grained, igneous rock consisting of essential alkali feldspar and ferromagnesian minerals (biotite, hornblende, arfvedsonite, aegirine-augite, and/or aegirine) and accessory apatite, zircon, and iron oxides. The feldspar constitutes more than 65% of the rock. Hypersolvus syenites are characterized by one type of alkali feldspar, usually potassium-rich and displaying perthitic (see PERTHITE) texture. Subsolvus syenites are characterized by two types of alkali feldspar, a potassium-rich type displaying perthitic texture and a sodium-rich type displaying antiperthitic texture. Syenites, which are the plutonic equivalents of trachytes, are found as ring complexes and as discrete intrusions on the stable continental crust and in the cores of some offaxis, ocean-island volcanoes.

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"syenite." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"syenite." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syenite

"syenite." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syenite

syenite

syenite (sī´ənīt), coarse-grained igneous rock, similar in appearance and composition to granite. Unlike granite, it contains little or no quartz. The chief minerals in syenite are the feldspars, with mica, hornblende, and pyroxene. Varieties are distinguished (according to the ferromagnesian minerals contained) as augite syenite, hornblende syenite, mica syenite, and nepheline syenite. Syenites are comparatively rare rocks, being found chiefly in a few areas of the United States and Germany. They are occasionally substituted for granites as building stones.

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"syenite." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"syenite." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/syenite

"syenite." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/syenite

syenite

syenite (min.) crystalline rock allied to granite. XVIII. — F. syénite, G. syenit — L. syēnītēs, f. Syēnē, Gr. Suḗnē town of Upper Egypt (now Aswan); see -ITE.

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"syenite." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"syenite." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syenite

"syenite." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved August 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syenite