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thermophilic

thermophilic Describing an organism that lives and grows optimally at extremely high temperatures, typically over 40°C. The majority are prokaryotes, such as the archaebacteria found in hot springs and in undersea hydrothermal vents (thermoacidophils); some of these (called hyperthermophiles) thrive at temperatures above 80°C and can survive at temperatures above the boiling point of water. Some eukaryotes, especially certain protoctists and fungi, are capable of surviving temperatures up to about 60°C. Thermophiles have various adaptations in order to thrive at such high temperatures. For example, their proteins and nucleic acids have structural modifications that give them much greater heat stability, so that the cell machinery is able to function. Also, the chemical makeup of their cell membranes is adapted, for example by inclusion of lipids rich in saturated fatty acids. Compare mesophilic; psychrophilic.

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"thermophilic." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"thermophilic." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophilic

"thermophilic." A Dictionary of Biology. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophilic

thermophile

ther·mo·phile / ˈ[unvoicedth]ərməˌfīl/ • n. Microbiology a bacterium or other microorganism that grows best at higher than normal temperatures. DERIVATIVES: ther·mo·phil·ic / ˌ[unvoicedth]ərməˈfilik/ adj.

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"thermophile." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"thermophile." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophile

"thermophile." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophile

thermophile

thermophile An extremophile (domain Archaea) that thrives in environments where the temperature is high, typically up to 60°C. Compare HYPERTHERMOPHILE.

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"thermophile." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"thermophile." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophile

"thermophile." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophile

thermophile

thermophile An extremophile (domain Archaea) that thrives in environments where the temperature is high, typically up to 60°C. Compare hyperthermophile.

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"thermophile." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"thermophile." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophile-0

"thermophile." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophile-0

thermophile

thermophile An extremophile (domain Archaea) that thrives in environments where the temperature is high, typically up to 60°C. Compare HYPERTHERMOPHILE.

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"thermophile." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"thermophile." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophile-1

thermophilic

thermophilic (therm-oh-fil-ik) adj. describing organisms, especially bacteria, that grow best at temperatures of 48–85°C.

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"thermophilic." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"thermophilic." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophilic

"thermophilic." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/thermophilic