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mutualism

mutualism An interaction between two species in which both species benefit. (The term symbiosis is often used synonymously with mutualism.) A well-known example of mutualism is the association between termites and the specialized protozoans that inhabit their guts. The protozoans, unlike the termites, are able to digest the cellulose of the wood that the termites eat and release sugars that the termites absorb. The termites benefit by being able to use wood as a foodstuff, while the protozoans are supplied with food and a suitable environment. See also mycorrhiza.

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"mutualism." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"mutualism." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism-2

"mutualism." A Dictionary of Biology. . Retrieved April 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism-2

mutualism

mu·tu·al·ism / ˈmyoōchoōəˌlizəm/ • n. the doctrine that mutual dependence is necessary to social well-being. ∎  Biol. symbiosis that is beneficial to both organisms involved. DERIVATIVES: mu·tu·al·ist n. & adj. mu·tu·al·is·tic / ˌmyoōchoōəˈlistik/ adj. mu·tu·al·is·ti·cal·ly / ˌmyoōchoōəˈlistik(ə)lē/ adv.

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"mutualism." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"mutualism." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism

"mutualism." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved April 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism

mutualism

mutualism An interaction between members of two species which benefits both. Strictly, the term may be confined to obligatory mutualism, in which neither species can survive under natural conditions without the other. Sometimes the term is used more generally to include facultative mutualism (protocooperation). See symbiosis.

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"mutualism." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"mutualism." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism

"mutualism." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved April 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism

mutualism

mutualism The interaction of species populations that benefits both populations. Strictly, the term may be confined to obligatory mutualism, in which neither species can survive under natural conditions without the other. Sometimes the term is used more generally to include facultative mutualism (protoco-operation).

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"mutualism." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"mutualism." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism-0

"mutualism." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Retrieved April 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism-0

mutualism

mutualism An interaction between members of two species that benefits both. Strictly, the term may be confined to obligatory mutualism, in which neither species can survive under natural conditions without the other. Sometimes the term is used more generally to include protocooperation.

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"mutualism." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"mutualism." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism-1

"mutualism." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved April 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism-1

mutualism

mutualism Relationship with mutual benefits for the two or more organisms involved. An alternative term for symbiosis, it usually refers to two organisms of different species.

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"mutualism." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"mutualism." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mutualism-0

"mutualism." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mutualism-0

mutualism

mutualism See ANARCHISM.

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"mutualism." A Dictionary of Sociology. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"mutualism." A Dictionary of Sociology. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism

"mutualism." A Dictionary of Sociology. . Retrieved April 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/mutualism