Skip to main content
Select Source:

föhn wind

föhn wind(foehn wind) A generic term for warm, dry winds in the lee of a mountain range. It was originally used in the European Alps. After cooling on the windward ascent at the saturated adiabatic lapse rate of 0.5°C/100 m, with the resulting condensation and precipitation, the air descending on the leeward side of the mountain range is warmed through compression at the dry adiabatic lapse rate of 1°C/100 m. This produces a warming wind on the lee side, with higher temperatures than occurred in the same air on the upslope side of the mountains.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"föhn wind." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"föhn wind." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fohn-wind-0

"föhn wind." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved August 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fohn-wind-0

föhn wind

föhn wind (foehn wind) Generic term for warm, dry winds in the lee of a mountain range. It was originally used in the European Alps. After cooling on the windward ascent at the saturated adiabatic lapse rate of 0.5°C/100 m, with the resulting condensation and precipitation, the air descending on the leeward side of the mountain range is warmed through compression at the dry adiabatic lapse rate of 1°C/100 m. This produces a warming wind on the lee side, with higher temperatures than occurred in the same air on the upslope side of the mountains.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"föhn wind." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"föhn wind." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fohn-wind

"föhn wind." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved August 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/fohn-wind