closed groups and open groups

closed groups and open groups These terms are sometimes applied to social groups or organizations which have (respectively) fairly impermeable boundaries, and therefore little interaction with outsiders, or permeable boundaries with few barriers to relations with outsiders. Thus, there can be open and closed religious sects, clubs, committees, military élites, and so forth.

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GORDON MARSHALL. "closed groups and open groups." A Dictionary of Sociology. 1998. Encyclopedia.com. 27 May. 2016 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

GORDON MARSHALL. "closed groups and open groups." A Dictionary of Sociology. 1998. Encyclopedia.com. (May 27, 2016). http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O88-closedgroupsandopengroups.html

GORDON MARSHALL. "closed groups and open groups." A Dictionary of Sociology. 1998. Retrieved May 27, 2016 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O88-closedgroupsandopengroups.html