shock and awe

shock and awe term for a military strategy based on achieving rapid dominance over an adversary by the initial imposition of overwhelming force and firepower. The concept was formulated by the American strategic analysts Harlan K. Ullman and James P. Wade in a Pentagon briefing document of 1996, and came to wider prominence during the campaign in Iraq in 2003. In a briefing in Qatar in March 2003, the American general Tommy Franks said, ‘This will be a campaign unlike any other in history. A campaign characterized by shock, by surprise, by flexibility, but the employment of precise munitions on a scale never before seen, and by the application of overwhelming force.’

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ELIZABETH KNOWLES. "shock and awe." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 2006. Encyclopedia.com. 29 Aug. 2016 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

ELIZABETH KNOWLES. "shock and awe." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 2006. Encyclopedia.com. (August 29, 2016). http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O214-shockandawe.html

ELIZABETH KNOWLES. "shock and awe." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 2006. Retrieved August 29, 2016 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O214-shockandawe.html