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Cyclopean

Cyclopean (sīkləpē´ən), name often applied to a primitive method of prehistoric masonry construction, found throughout Greece, Italy, and the Middle East. The term is derived from Cyclopes, the mythological beings who were supposed to have built walls in this manner. The Cyclopean technique involves the use of huge, irregular boulders, carefully fitted together without the use of mortar, thereby creating a massive wall with an uneven face. These walls were characteristic of Mycenaean civilization. Remaining examples are found at Knossos, Mycenae, Tiryns, and Athens. There are many Cyclopean walls in Etruscan and Anatolian architecture. Somewhat similar examples are seen in China, Japan, and Peru.

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"Cyclopean." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Cyclopean." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cyclopean

"Cyclopean." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cyclopean

cyclopean

cyclopean.
1. Masonry composed of irregularly shaped very large blocks, sometimes approximating to polygons, dressed sufficiently for them to fit tightly together, without mortar, called Megalithic or Pelasgic. Found in Antiquity, it was also occasionally used by later architects to suggest very early origins, or rock-like foundations, as in the plinth of ‘Greek’ Thomson's Caledonia Road Church, Glasgow (1856).

2. Rock-faced masonry, intended to appear like roughly quarried stones, but in fact dressed with rough surfaces for effect.

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"cyclopean." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"cyclopean." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cyclopean

"cyclopean." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved June 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cyclopean

cyclopean concrete

cyclopean concrete See CONCRETE DAM.

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"cyclopean concrete." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"cyclopean concrete." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cyclopean-concrete

"cyclopean concrete." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved June 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cyclopean-concrete

Cyclopean

CyclopeanEritrean, Ghanaian, Himalayan, Malayan, Tigrayan •Actaeon, Aegean, aeon (US eon), Augean, Behan, Cadmean, Caribbean, Carolean, Chaldean, Cyclopean, empyrean, epicurean, European, Fijian, Galilean, Hasmonean, Hebridean, Herculean, Ian, Jacobean, Kampuchean, Laodicean, lien, Linnaean (US Linnean), Maccabean, Mandaean (US Mandean), Medicean, monogenean, Nabataean (US Nabatean), Orphean, paean, paeon, pean, peon, Periclean, piscean, plebeian, Pyrenean, Pythagorean, Sabaean, Sadducean, Sisyphean, skean, Tanzanian, Tennesseean, Terpsichorean, theodicean, Tyrolean

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"Cyclopean." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Cyclopean." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cyclopean

"Cyclopean." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved June 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cyclopean