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toluene

toluene (tōl´yōōēn´) or methylbenzene (mĕth´əlbĕn´zēn), C7H8, colorless liquid aromatic hydrocarbon that melts at -95°C and boils at 110.8°C. It is insoluble in water but highly soluble in most organic solvents. Toluene is obtained from coal tar and petroleum by distillation. It is used as a solvent and as a starting material for the synthesis of many compounds, including dyes and explosives. When toluene is treated with a mixture of nitric and sulfuric acids (a process known as nitration), trinitrotoluene (TNT) is produced.

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"toluene." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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toluene

toluene (methylbenzene) Aromatic hydrocarbon (C6H5CH3) derived from coal tar and petroleum. It is a colourless, flammable liquid used as an industrial solvent and in aircraft and motor fuels. Toluene is also used to make TNT. Properties: r.d. 0.87; m.p. −94.5°C (−138.1°F); b.p. 110.7°C (231.3°F).

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toluene

tol·u·ene / ˈtälyoōˌēn/ • n. Chem. a colorless liquid hydrocarbon (C6H5CH3) present in coal tar and petroleum and used as a solvent and in organic synthesis. Also called methylbenzene.

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"toluene." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"toluene." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/toluene

"toluene." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved October 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/toluene