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zygote

zygote Derived from the Greek meaning ‘yoked’, a zygote is the cell that results from fertilization. It is the union of a spermatozoon and an ovum — the mature germ cells, known also as the male and female gametes (from the Greek for husband and wife). Each of the two gametes is haploid, meaning that the nucleus has half the number of chromosomes of normal body cells. Their union results in the diploid zygote, with a full set of chromosomes, carrying the combination of genes that will determine all the bodily characteristics of the new individual. When, as a result of this union, matched genes (alleles) at particular sites on the newly paired chromosomes are different from each other, the zygote, and hence the resulting individual, is heterozygous with respect to those genes. It is homozygous if the pairs are identical. Since one of a dissimilar pair of genes can dominate the other, whereas identical pairs can act in unison, this is crucial to the suppression or emergence of the relevant inherited trait.

The zygote carries within its single cell continuing threads in the immemorial lifespan of the human race, as well as the mixed-and-matched microscopic material from which will stem the intricacies common to all human bodies, yet with the remarkable uniqueness of a particular person.

Sheila Jennett, and Colin Blakemore

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zygote

zygote In sexual reproduction, a cell formed by fusion of a male and a female gamete. It contains a diploid (two sets) number of chromosomes, half contributed by the sperm, half by the ovum. Through successive cell divisions, the zygote will develop into an embryo.

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zygote

zy·gote / ˈzīˌgōt/ • n. Biol. a diploid cell resulting from the fusion of two haploid gametes; a fertilized ovum. DERIVATIVES: zy·got·ic / zīˈgätik/ adj.

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"zygote." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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zygote

zygote The fertilized ovum of an animal or plant formed from the fusion of male and female gametes, when, under normal circumstances, the diploid chromosome number is restored, in the stage before it undergoes division.

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"zygote." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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zygote

zygote The fertilized ovum of an animal, formed from the fusion of male and female gametes when, under normal circumstances, the diploid chromosome number is restored, in the stage before it undergoes division.

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"zygote." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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zygote

zygote A fertilized female gamete: the product of the fusion of the nucleus of the ovum or ovule with the nucleus of the sperm or pollen grain. See fertilization.

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"zygote." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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zygote

zygote (zy-goht) n. the fertilized ovum before cleavage begins. z. intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) see gamete intrafallopian transfer.

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"zygote." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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zygote

zygote The fertilized ovum of a plant or animal.

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"zygote." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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zygote

zygote: see reproduction.

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"zygote." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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zygote

zygoteafloat, bloat, boat, capote, coat, connote, cote, dote, emote, float, gloat, goat, groat, misquote, moat, mote, note, oat, outvote, promote, quote, rote, shoat, smote, stoat, Succoth, table d'hôte, Terre Haute, throat, tote, vote, wrote •flatboat •mailboat, sailboat, whaleboat •speedboat • keelboat •dreamboat, steamboat •lifeboat • iceboat • longboat •sauceboat • houseboat •rowboat, showboat •U-boat • tugboat • gunboat •powerboat • motorboat • riverboat •workboat • Haggadoth • anecdote •scapegoat • redingote • nanny goat •zygote • redcoat • tailcoat • raincoat •waistcoat • greatcoat • petticoat •topcoat • housecoat • undercoat •entrecôte • surcoat • turncoat •matelote • banknote • headnote •endnote • keynote • woodnote •footnote • compote • whitethroat •shofroth • bluethroat • cut-throat •creosote • mitzvoth • mezuzoth

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