Gawin Douglas (gä´wĬn, găv´Ĭn), 1474?–1522, Scottish poet and churchman; son of Archibald Douglas, 5th earl of Angus. He is considered one of the great medieval Scottish poets. Douglas was Bishop of Dunkeld. Jealousy held by Scottish nobles toward the Douglas family interrupted his ecclesiastical career, and from 1515 his life was torn by political quarrels. His poetry was largely composed prior to this, in the more peaceful period of his life. The Palace of Honor and King Hart (i.e., Heart; the latter is possibly not his) are allegories of considerable skill, but his best work is his translation of the Aeneid (complete 1513, published 1553). One of the first English translations made directly from the original, Douglas's version is remarkably accurate, and its medieval tone only enhances its charm. The greatest parts of the whole poem, however, are the original prologues to each of the books. Douglas is little read today because the Scottish dialect in which he wrote is extremely difficult to understand.
See selections from his work, ed. by D. F. C. Coldwell (1964).
"Douglas, Gawin." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/douglas-gawin
"Douglas, Gawin." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/douglas-gawin
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.