Skip to main content

Ciudad Guayana

Ciudad Guayana (syōōŧħäŧħ´ gēăn´ə, –än´–), formerly Santo Tomé de Guayana, city (1990 pop. 453,047), Bolívar state, Venezuela, at the confluence of the Caroní and Orinoco rivers in the Guiana Highlands. Founded in 1961 and administered by the state economic planning commission, Ciudad Guayana united several smaller cities into one massive residential, industrial, and commercial area with a radius of over 100 mi (160 km). The area includes several hydroelectric stations, aluminum plants, iron- and steelworks, and gold and diamond mines. Forestry products, bricks, and other manufactured goods are also produced. Ciudad Guayana is a port complex, and it is linked to the Guiana region and the rest of the country by a road network; the Orinoco is crossed by a cable-stayed bridge that was completed in 2006. The city has an airport.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ciudad Guayana." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ciudad Guayana." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ciudad-guayana

"Ciudad Guayana." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved November 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ciudad-guayana

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.