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Vesta

Vesta

In Roman mythology, Vesta was the virgin goddess of the hearth. Worshiped in every Roman household, Vesta served as a symbol of home and family as well as the guardian of the sacred fire in her temples. As keeper of this flamea source of life and immortality the goddess played a prominent role in Roman culture.

Vesta was an important figure in Greek mythology as well. Known as Hestia, she was the daughter of the Titans Cronus* and Rhea and the sister of the gods Zeus*, Poseidon*, Hades*, Demeter*, and Hera*. The Greeks kept her sacred fire burning in their capital cities and took it with them when they founded new colonies.

immortality ability to live forever

Titan one of a family of giants who ruled the earth until overthrown by the Greek gods of Olympus

The Romans believed that their legendary ancestor Aeneas* had brought the sacred fire to Italy from Troy*. They thought that if Vesta's fire went out, Rome would experience a great disaster. Virgin priestesses known as the Vestals kept the fire burning constantly in the Temple of Vesta in Rome. Vestals who lost their virginity, and thus dishonored the goddess, were buried alive. Each year on March 1, Vesta's fire was renewed during a ceremony, and on June 9, the Romans held a festival in her honor called the Vestalia.

See also Fire; Greek Mythology; Roman Mythology.

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Vesta

Vesta in Roman mythology, the goddess of the hearth and household. She was worshipped in a round building in the Forum at Rome, probably an imitation in stone of an ancient round hut. Her temple in Rome contained no image but a fire which was kept constantly burning and was tended by the Vestal Virgins.
Vestal Virgins virgins consecrated to Vesta and vowed to chastity, sharing the charge of maintaining the sacred fire burning on the goddess's altar; there were originally four, and later six, of these priestesses.

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"Vesta." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Vesta." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved June 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vesta

Vesta

Vesta (Rom. myth.) goddess of the household XIV; one of the minor planets XIX; kind of wax or wood match. — L., corr. to Gr. Hestíā, personification of hestíā hearth, house, household.
So Vestal, v. virgin one of the priestesses having charge of the sacred fire in the temple of Vesta in ancient Rome XV; pert. to, chaste as, a priestess of Vesta XVI; sb. vestal virgin, chaste woman. — L. vestālis; see -AL1.

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"Vesta." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Vesta (in Roman religion and mythology)

Vesta, in Roman religion and mythology, hearth goddess. She was highly honored in every household from early times to the beginning of Christianity. Her public cult maintained a sacred building in which her priestesses, the vestal virgins, tended the communal hearth and fire, which was never allowed to die out. Vesta was identified with the Greek Hestia.

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"Vesta (in Roman religion and mythology)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Vesta

Vesta The third largest (after Ceres and Pallas) solar system asteroid (No. 4), diameter 526 km; approximate mass 3 × 1020 kg; rotational period 5.342 hours; orbital period 3.63 years. It was imaged in 1995 by the Hubble Space Telescope and appears to have a basaltic crust overlying an olivine mantle, indicating that differentiation has occurred.

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"Vesta." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Vesta

Vesta In Roman religion, goddess of fire and purity, supreme in the conduct of religious ceremonies. Her priestesses were the vestal virgins. Vesta was the guardian of the hearth and the patron goddess of bakers.

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"Vesta." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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vesta

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