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Tool

Tool

Rock group

Created around the idea of lachrymology, or the "study of crying," Tool became both a symbol of success in the music world and a tribute to the concept of channeling negative energy toward positive means. With early hits such as "Sober" and "Prison Sex," the band made use of the intellectual as well as the musical talents of their members to inspire listeners. Ted Drozdowski wrote in a review of Tool in Rolling Stone: "Their songs about the living hell that humans create connect with the seething frustrations of an audience who have seen the cynicism of their parents' generation devour the fruits of opportunity."

Unlike the flood of bands who targeted the angry youth of the 1990s, Tool set out to stimulate thought, rather than simply complain about the state of the world. "Evolution didn't stop with us getting thumbs," singer Maynard James Keenan told Jon Wiederhorn in Rolling Stone. "There are a lot of metaphysical, spiritual, and emotional changes going on right now, and we're just trying to reflect that."

The band drew inspiration from authors and philosophers as well as their own personal experiences, making use of concepts and themes from writers such as Joseph Campbell, Aleister Crowley, William Gibson, Carl Jung, and Ronald P. Vincent. In fact, it was the latter who inspired the concept of the band from the beginning. Guitarist Adam Jones read Vincent's book A Joyful Guide to Lachrymology after he moved from Illinois to Los Angeles. He had been working as a sculptor and special effects designer for films, including Jurassic Park, Terminator 2, and Predator 2. Vincent's ideas about feeding off of pain and using the resulting energy in a positive way sparked Jones's desire to bring musicians together to channel their own frustrations into their art. "The philosophy of that book is basically using your pain to a profit, rather than letting it drag you down," drummer Danny Carey told Scott Schalin in BAM. "A lot of people who can't master that art end up jumping off buildings."

In 1991 Jones met Carey through their mutual friend, Rage Against the Machine guitarist Tom Morello, and he met bass player Paul D'Amour through his work in the movie industry. At the time, singer Maynard James Keenan lived upstairs from Carey. When they all got together, they took Jones's ideas and brought them to life in a group they called Toolshed, later simplified to Tool.

All four members of Tool moved to Los Angeles from different areas of the United States. Keenan was born near Akron, Ohio, an only child in a Baptist family. His mother died when he was just eleven years old. Before moving to L.A., he lived in Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, and Massachusetts, and had served three years in the Army.

Danny Carey was the only member of Tool to have played music full time before the band's formation. He was the drummer for an L.A. band called Pigmy Love Circus in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and also played in a band called Green Jelly. Even after joining Tool, Carey played in another band on the side, called Zaum. When he joined Tool, they hadn't developed a success strategy, nor had they planned on the rapid musical launch they received.

"It began as a self-satisfying thing for us," Carey told Schalin. "Our music was a release and a vehicle to get out whatever tensions we were feeling at that time." Jones told Edward Fruchtman in Circus, "When we started the band, we all had our own jobs. We did this as a side project. We never intended to get signed. It was all about the music—music that inspires and music that creates thought."

Before the end of Tool's first year together, they had signed a record contract with Zoo Entertainment, distributed by BMG Records. (The label later changed its name to Freeworld.) In 1992 Tool released an EP titled Opiate to introduce their loud, aggressive sound. "Everyone thought we were a hard metal band," Adam Jones recalled to Chuck Crisfulli in Guitar Player, "but our tastes run through Joni Mitchell, King Crimson, Depeche Mode, and country [music]. We're not a metal band, rock band, or a country band. We're Tool."

In July of that same year they landed the opening slot on a tour with the Rollins Band. The following year they released their debut full-length disc, Undertow. The first single, "Sober," began getting exposure on several regional music video shows across the country. Adam Jones had designed the video using stop-motion camera techniques with claymation. Soon the video became a hit on MTV.

In May of 1993 Tool began its U.S. tour, opening for bands such as Rage Against the Machine, Living Colour, and Fishbone. By the summer they had landed a slot on the second stage of the Lollapalooza tour. Mid-way through the tour, they moved up to be the opening band on the main stage.

Tool began receiving more and more exposure and critical acclaim. David Browne wrote in Entertainment Weekly, "What put this L.A. band a notch above the rest are better songs (with actual verses, choruses, and hooks—check out the terrific 'Prison Sex') and the hints of vulnerability in Maynard James Keenan's voice."

The next single and video, "Prison Sex," was also designed by Jones in the same claymation style. The notoriety the group received on the Lollapalooza tour and the popularity of their music videos launched Undertow to platinum sales status before the end of 1994. The following year the group's progress was slightly interrupted by the departure of bassist Paul D'Amour. The foursome had already started recording their next record when D'Amour decided to move on to form his own band, called Lusk.

However, Tool didn't waste much time. Bass player Justin Chancellor, whose previous band, Peach, had performed with Tool in Europe, soon filled the empty position. He jumped right into the studio, and Tool's next LP, Aenima, was released in 1996. It debuted at number two on Billboard's album chart, and went platinum within the year; it eventually won a Grammy. The album, which included the single "Stinkfist," was coproduced by Dave Bottril, who had previously worked with artists such as King Crimson and Peter Gabriel. Adam Jones continued to express his artistic talent on the 3-D multi-image packaging for the disc.

For the Record …

Members include Danny Carey (born Daniel Edwin Carey in Paola, KS, May 10, 1961), drums; Justin Chancellor (replaced Paul D'Amour; born Justin Gunnar Walte Chancellor, November 19, 1972), bass; Paul D'Amour (born Paul M. D'Amour in Spokane, WA, June 8, 1968); Adam Jones (born Adam Thomas Jones in Libertyville, IL, January 15, 1965), guitar; Maynard James Keenan (born James H. Keenan in Ravenna, OH, April 17, 1964), vocals.

Group formed in Los Angeles, CA, and signed to Zoo Entertainment/BMG, 1991; released debut EP Opiate, 1992; released Undertow, 1993; bassist Paul D'Amour replaced by Justin Chancellor, 1995; released Aenima, 1996; released Salival, 2000; released Lateralus, 2001; released 10,000 Days, 2006.

Awards: Grammy Award, Best Metal Performance, for "Aenima," 1997; Grammy Award, Best Metal Performance, for "Schism," 2001.

Addresses: Record company—BMG Records, 6363 Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90028. Website—Tool Official Website: http://www.toolband.com.

Some reviewers commented that Aenima had an even harder edge than Tool's previous releases. "One of the goals of the record, among a lot of things, was to make it obvious to all the materialistic idiots that energy is primary and the illusion of matter is secondary," Danny Carey told Carl Hammerschmidt in Hot Metal.

By the summer of 1996 Tool had returned to the Lollapalooza tour, this time as its co-headliner. They performed on the bill with Korn, Tricky, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Orbital, and James. Chancellor, their new bass player, fit in without missing a beat. His fresh approach to the ideas of Tool gave him a unique perspective on the group. He described his impressions to Fruchtman: "I've never come across or been a part of a collection of souls so diverse in character and belief that possess the ability to mutually accommodate those differences and evolve them into positive creativity."

Keenan and Tool guitar tech Billy Howerdel soon founded a new band, A Perfect Circle, leading to rumors that Tool was breaking up. The rumors quieted in 2000 when the band released the VHS/DVD/CD box set Salival. In 2001 the band announced the forthcoming release of a new album, Systema Encephale. The tracklist featured numerous obscure words, such as "Numbereft," "Encephatalis," and "Coeliacus." Filesharing engines, including Napster, became overwhelmed with fake files disguised as these strangely titled songs. A month after announcing this release, the band revealed that their upcoming album was actually called Lateralus, and that the previous announcement had been a trick played on those who used Napster. Tool had previously criticized Napster because it allowed users to download songs without paying for them.

The album reached the number one spot on the Billboard Top 200 album chart in its first week of release. The band received their second Grammy Award, for Best Metal Performance for the track "Schism."

In 2006 the band released 10,000 Days, and the album sold 550,000 copies in its first week in the United States. The band then toured in support of the album. In Glide magazine, Sarah Moore called the album "another instant Tool classic."

Through all of the recognition and success, Tool has stayed true to their original mission as inspired by Ronald P. Vincent. They still include a reading list of their favorite recently read books in their fan club mailing list, and they have reiterated that they want the band to serve as a "tool" to understanding the concepts and benefits of lachrymology.

Selected discography

Opiate, Zoo Entertainment/BMG, 1992.
Undertow, Freeworld/BMG, 1993.
Aenima, Freeworld/BMG, 1996.
Salival, Volcano II, 2000.
Lateralus, Volcano II, 2001.
10,000 Days, Volcano II, 2006.

Sources

Periodicals

The Age, May 2001.

Billboard, September 11, 1993.

Circus, August 1997.

Entertainment Weekly, May 28, 1993; October 4, 1996.

Guitar Player, September 1993.

Hot Metal, Summer 1997.

Rolling Stone, April 7, 1994; November 28, 1996; December 26, 1996 January 9, 1997; August 7, 1997.

Online

"Tool Lateralus," Hollywood Jesus, September 7, 2001, http://www.hollywoodjesus.com/tool_lateralus.htm (July 4, 2006).

"Tool Lateralus," Popmatters, May 15, 2001, http://www.popmatters.com/music/reviews/t/tool-lateralus.shtml (July 4, 2006).

"Tool Rears Its Head Once Again," Ice, March 2006, http://www.icemagazine.com/stories/170/tool.asp (July 4, 2006).

"Tool: 10,000 Days," Glide, April 21, 2006, http://www.glidemagazine.com/2/reviews1256.html (July 4, 2006).

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Tool

Tool

Rock band

For the Record

Philosophy Sculpted Early Years

Sharpened Popularity Through Performances

Changed Parts Smoothly

Strengthened Hard-Edged Messages

Selected discography

Sources

Created around the idea of lachrymology, or the study of crying, Tool became both a symbol of success in the music world and a tribute to the concept of channeling negative energy toward positive means. With early hits such as Sober and Prison Sex, the band propelled its mission to use the intellectual and musical influences of its members to inspire its own listeners. Ted Drozdowski wrote in a review of Tool in Rolling Stone: Their songs about the living hell that humans create connect with the seething frustrations of an audience who have seen the cynicism of their parents generation devour the fruits of opportunity.

Unlike the flood of bands who targeted the angry youth of the 1990s, Tool set out to stimulate thought, rather than simply complain about the state of the world. Evolution didnt stop with us getting thumbs, singer Maynard James Keenan told Jon Wiederhorn in Rolling Stone. There are a lot of metaphysical, spiritual, and emotional changes going on right now, and were just trying to reflect that.

For the Record

Members include Danny Carey (born Daniel Edwin Carey, May 10, 1961, in Paola, KS,), drums; Justin Chancellor (replaced Paul DAmour; born Justin Gunnar Walte Chancellor, November 19, 1972), bass; Paul DAmour (born Paul M. DAmour, June 8, 1968, in Spokane, WA,); Adam Jones (born Adam Thomas Jones, January 15, 1965, in Libertyville, IL) guitar; Maynard James Keenan (born James H. Keenan, April 17, 1964 in Ravenna, OH), vocals.

Band formed in Los Angeles, California, and signed to Zoo Entertainment/BMG, 1991; released debut EP Opiate, 1992; released debut LP, Undertow, 1993; bassist Paul DAmour replaced by Justin Chancellor, 1995; released Ænima, 1996.

Awards: Grammy Award, Best Metal Performance, for Aenema 1998.

Addresses: Record company BMG Records, 6363 Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90028.

From Tools inception, they drew inspiration from authors and philosophers, as well as their own personal experiences. The group referenced concepts and themes from writers such as Joseph Campbell, Aleister Crowley, William Gibson, Carl Jung, and Ronald P. Vincent. In fact, it was the latter who inspired the concept of the band from the beginning. Guitarist Adam Jones read Vincents book A Joyful Guide to Lachrymology after he moved from Illinois to Los Angeles. He had been working as a sculptor and special effects designer for film, working on movies like Jurassic Park, Terminator 2, and Predator 2. Vincents ideas about feeding off of pain and using its energy in a positive way sparked Jones desire to bring musicians together to direct their own frustrations into art. The philosophy of that book is basically using your pain to a profit, rather than letting it drag you down, drummer Danny Carey told Scott Schalin in BAM. A lot of people who cant master that art end up jumping off buildings.

Philosophy Sculpted Early Years

In 1991 Jones met Carey through their mutual friend, Rage Against the Machine guitarist Tom Morello. He also met bass player Paul DAmour through the movie industry. At the time, singer Maynard James Keenan lived upstairs from Carey. When they all got together, they took Jones idea and gave it a life in a group they called Toolshed, later simplified to Tool.

All four members of Tool moved to Los Angeles from different areas of the United States. Keenan was born near Akron, Ohio, an only child in a Baptist family. His mother died when he was just eleven years old. Before moving to L.A., he lived in Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas, and Massachusetts, and had served three years in the Army.

Danny Carey was the only member of Tool to have played music full-time before the bands formation. He was the drummer for an L.A. band called Pigmy Love Circus in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and he played in a band called Green Jelly. Even after joining Tool, Carey played in another band on the side, called Zaum. When he joined Tool, they hadnt developed a success strategy, nor had they planned the rapid launch they received.

It began as a self-satisfying thing for us, Carey told Schalin. Our music was a release and a vehicle to get out whatever tensions we were feeling at that time. When we started the band, we all had our own jobs, Jones said to Edward Fruchtman in Circus. We did this as a side project. We never intended to get signed. It was all about the musicmusic that inspires and music that creates thought.

Sharpened Popularity Through Performances

Before the end of Tools first year together, they had signed a record contract with Zoo Entertainment, distributed by BMG Records. (The label later changed its name to Freeworld.) In 1992, Tool released an EP titled Opiate to introduce their loud, aggressive sound. Everyone thought we were a hard metal band, Adam Jones recalled to Chuck Crisfulli in Guitar Player, but our tastes run through Joni Mitchell, King Crimson, Depeche Mode, and country [music]. Were not a metal band, rock band, or a country band. Were Tool.

By July of that same year, they had the opening slot on a tour with the Rollins Band. Then, the following year, they released their debut full-length disc, Undertow. The first single, Sober, began getting exposure on several regional music video shows across the country. Adam Jones had designed the video using stop-motion camera techniques with claymation. Soon, the video became a hit on MTV.

In May of 1993, Tool began its U.S. tour, opening for bands such as Rage Against the Machine, Living Colour, and Fishbone. By the summer, they had landed a slot on the second stage of the Lollapalooza tour. Midway through the tour, they moved up to the opening band on the main stage.

Changed Parts Smoothly

Tool began receiving more and more exposure and critical acclaim. David Browne wrote in Entertainment Weekly, What put this L.A. band a notch above the rest are better songs (with actual verses, choruses, and hookscheck out the terrific Prison Sex) and the hints of vulnerability in Maynard James Keenans voice.

The next single and video, Prison Sex, was also designed by Jones in the same claymation style. The notoriety they received on the Lollapalooza tour and the popularity of their music videos, launched Tools Undertow to platinum sales status before the end of 1994. The following year, the groups progress was slightly interrupted by the departure of bassist Paul DAmour. The foursome had already started recording their next record, when DAmour decided to move on to form his own band called Lusk.

However, Tool didnt waste much time. Bass player Justin Chancellor, whose previous band Peach had performed with Tool in Europe, soon filled the empty position. He jumped right into the studio, and Tools next LP, /Enima was released in 1996. It debuted at number two on Billboards album chart, and went platinum within the year. The album, which included the single Stinkfist, was co-produced by Dave Bottril, who had previously worked with artists such as King Crimson and Peter Gabriel. Adam Jones continued to express his visual artistic talent on the 3-D multi-image packaging for the disc.

Strengthened Hard-Edged Messages

Some reviews commented that Ænima had an even harder edge than Tools previous releases. Dense and looming, Ænima spirals through a bleak landscape of metallic rhythms and industrial textures, mutating at will like a sadistic demon from an H.R. Giger sketchbook, Jon Wiederhorn wrote in Rolling Stone. One of the goals of the record, among a lot of things, was to make it obvious to all the materialistic idiots that energy is primary and the illusion of matter is secondary, Danny Carey told Carl Hammerschmidt in Hot Metal.

By the summer of 1996, Tool had returned to the Lollapalooza tour, this time as its co-headliner. They performed on the bill with Korn, Tricky, Snoop Doggy Dogg, Orbital, and James. Chancellor, their new bass player, fit in without missing a beat. His fresh approach to the ideas of Tool gave him a unique perspective of the group. He described his impressions to Edward Fruchtman in Circus. Ive never come across or been a part of a collection of souls so diverse in character and belief that possess the ability to mutually accommodate those differences and evolve them into positive creativity.

Even through all of the recognition and success, Tool stayed true to their original mission inspired by Ronald P. Vincent. After the platinum records and headlining tours, they still included a reading list of their favorite recently read books in their fan club mailing list, and they have said that they want the band to serve as a tool to understanding the concepts and benefits of lachrymology.

Selected discography

Opiate, Zoo Entertainment/BMG, 1992.

Undertow, Freeworld/BMG, 1993.

Ænima, Freeworld/BMG, 1996.

Sources

Periodicals

Billboard, September 11, 1993.

Circus, August 1997.

Entertainment Weekly, May 28, 1993; October 4, 1996.

Guitar Player, September 1993.

Hot Metal, Summer 1997.

Rolling Stone, April 7, 1994; November 28, 1996; December 26, 1996-January 9, 1997; August 7, 1997.

Online

http://www.hypermall.com/-willp/tool

http://toolshed.down.net

Sonya Shelton

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Tool

TOOL

Formed: 1990, Los Angeles, California

Members: Danny Carey, drums (born Paolo, Kansas, 10 May 1961); Justin Chancellor, bass (born London, England, 19 November 1971); Adam Jones, guitar (born Libertyville, Illinois, 15 January 1965); Maynard James Keenan, vocals (born Ravenna, Ohio, 17 April 1964).

Genre: Rock

Best-selling album since 1990: Aenima (1996)

Hit songs since 1990: "Sober," "H.," "Parabola"


Tool's rumbling, complex hard rock and dark, disturbing imagery have earned it a cult following. The group also enjoys widespread alt-rock appeal thanks to Keenan's intense tenor and Jones's chainsaw guitar rumblings. Made up of three midwestern Americans and an Englishman (Chancellor), the group released its debut EP, Opiate (1992), while building a following on the Los Angeles scene. Enjoying regional success, the group earned a spot on the 1993 Lollapalooza tour and released the full-length Undertow.

A memorable marriage of music and video made Tool's first single, "Sober," a radio and MTV staple. Displaying a sense of dynamics often missing from novice rockers, the band starts the song with soft, foreboding guitar and bass while Keenan sings in semi-croon mode. But he and the group blast into a cathartic, sing-along chorus whose drama is accentuated by self-loathing lyrics spiced with religious imagery. Jones's stop-motion animation video, featuring cutely macabre figurines, also makes an impression. Their second single, "Prison Sex," which made number thirty-two on Billboard 's Mainstream Rock Tracks airplay chart, is one of the most explicit songs to have ever received mainstream radio play; the title neatly sums up the lyrical content. While Undertow 's vaguely Satanic artwork and dark themes appealed to death-metal followers, the album's instrumental expertise and experimentation with odd time signatures attracted art-rock fans who otherwise had little to cheer about in the early 1990s. As Tool's fame grew, so did their reputation for being distant from fans.

As a band that had achieved success fairly early in its career, Tool still had room to improve, and their sophomore set, Aenima (1996), shows a group whose playing has grown tighter and more challenging. "Stinkfist" is a cynical take on an instant-gratification world that burns with hyped-up, hard-rock aggression. The album's signature song is the title track, "Aenima," which enlists a doowop beat in service of a grinding, apocalyptic anthem. With misanthropic, gallows humor, Keenan tells everyone from "gun-toting hip gangster wannabes" to "insecure actresses" that the end is near, so "learn to swim." The song won a Grammy for best metal performance.

Tool co-headlined Lollapalooza 1997 with Korn, but business disputes kept the group away from the recording studio. Keenan used the downtime to form A Perfect Circle, which scored a Top 10 album and three radio hits with its debut release, Mer de Noms.

Lateralus (2001) broke the silence, debuting at number one, beating out albums by R.E.M. and Weezer that were released the same week. The album takes Tool into more esoteric territory, complete with sound effects and extended song suites. "Schism," a symbolism-filled song about the difficulty of interpersonal communication, won the group its second Grammy for best metal performance.

Tool has avoided being pigeonholed and has maintained its reputation for innovation with philosophical, satirical lyrics, impressive musicality, and headbanger-friendly crunch.

SELECTIVE DISCOGRAPHY:

Undertow (Zoo, 1993); Aenima (Ignition, 1996); Lateralus (Ignition, 2001).

ramiro burr

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tool

tool / toōl/ • n. 1. a device or implement, esp. one held in the hand, used to carry out a particular function: gardening tools. ∎  a thing used in an occupation or pursuit: computers are an essential tool the ability to write clearly is a tool of the trade. ∎  a person used or exploited by another: the beautiful Estella is Miss Havisham's tool. ∎  Comput. a piece of software that carries out a particular function, typically creating or modifying another program. 2. a distinct design in the tooling of a book. ∎  a small stamp or roller used to make such a design. 3. vulgar slang a man's penis. ∎  inf. a dull, slow-witted, or socially inept person. • v. 1. [tr.] (usu. be tooled) impress a design on (leather, esp. a leather book cover): volumes bound in green leather and tooled in gold. ∎  dress (stone) with a chisel. 2. equip or be equipped with tools for industrial production: [tr.] the factory must be tooled to produce the models | [intr.] they were tooling up for production. 3. [intr.] inf. drive or ride in a casual or leisurely manner: tooling around town in a pink Rolls-Royce. DERIVATIVES: tool·er n.

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tool

tool OE. tōl = ON. tól (n. pl.):- Gmc. *tōwlam, f. *tōw- *taw-, whence OE. tawian prepare; see -EL1, TAW1.

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tool

tool See software tool.

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tool

toolBanjul, befool, Boole, boule, boules, boulle, cagoule, cool, drool, fool, ghoul, Joule, mewl, misrule, mule, O'Toole, pool, Poole, pul, pule, Raoul, rule, school, shul, sool, spool, Stamboul, stool, Thule, tomfool, tool, tulle, you'll, yule •mutule • kilojoule • playschool •intercool • Blackpool •ampoule (US ampule) • cesspool •Hartlepool • Liverpool • whirlpool •ferrule, ferule •curule • cucking-stool • faldstool •toadstool • footstool • animalcule •granule • capsule • ridicule • molecule •minuscule • fascicule • graticule •vestibule • reticule • globule •module, nodule •floccule • noctule • opuscule •pustule • majuscule • virgule

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