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sham

sham / sham/ • n. 1. a thing that is not what it is purported to be: the proposed legislation is a farce and a sham. ∎  pretense: it all turned out to be sham and hypocrisy. ∎  a person who pretends to be someone or something they are not: he was a sham, totally unqualified for his job as a senior doctor. 2. short for pillow sham. • adj. bogus; false: a clergyman who arranged a sham marriage. • v. (shammed , sham·ming ) [intr.] falsely present something as the truth: was he ill or was he shamming? ∎  [tr.] pretend to be or to be experiencing: she shams indifference. DERIVATIVES: sham·mer n.

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"sham." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sham." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sham-0

"sham." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sham-0

sham

sham sb. †trick, fraud XVII; spurious imitation XVIII; adj. false, counterfeit XVII; vb. †defraud. hoax; †attempt to pass off; counterfeit, assume appearance of XVII. of uncert. orig.; poss. north. dial. var. of SHAME.

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"sham." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sham." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sham-1

"sham." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved August 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sham-1

sham

sham. C18 term for a fake ‘ruin’ or other building erected for effect, e.g. the ‘Sham Gothic’ of Batty Langley.

Bibliography

K. Clark (1974)

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"sham." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sham." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sham

"sham." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved August 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sham

Sham

SHAM

False; without substance.

A sham pleading is one that is good in form but is so clearly false in fact that it does not raise any genuine issue.

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"Sham." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Sham." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sham

"Sham." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Retrieved August 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sham

sham

shamam, Amsterdam, Assam, Bram, cam, cham, cheongsam, clam, cram, dam, damn, drachm, dram, exam, femme, flam, gam, glam, gram, ham, jam, jamb, lam, lamb, mam, mesdames, Omar Khayyám, Pam, pram, pro-am, ram, Sam, scam, scram, sham, Siam, slam, Spam, swam, tam, tram, Vietnam, wham, yam •in memoriam • ad nauseam •iamb, Priam •grandam • Edam • goddam •quondam • Potsdam • cofferdam •Rotterdam • Oxfam • Birmingham •Abraham • logjam • CAD-CAM •minicam • Nicam •Eelam, Elam •flimflam • oriflamme • Suriname •ad personam • diazepam • tangram •ashram • telegram • milligram •epigram • centigram • dithyramb •program, programme •cardiogram • radiogram • echogram •mammogram •aerogramme (US aerogram) •microgram • dirham •electrocardiogram • ideogram •heliogram • diaphragm • diagram •parallelogram • kilogram • hologram •encephalogram • anagram •monogram • sonogram • kissogram •pentagram • cryptogram • photogram •tam-tam • wigwam • whim-wham

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"sham." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sham." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sham

"sham." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved August 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sham