REGULATORS were vigilantes. The term was used by the 5,000 to 6,000 Regulators in the Carolinas between 1767 and 1771, adopted from an earlier, short-lived London police auxiliary. Most American regulators sought to protect their communities from outlaws and tyrannical public officials. Some groups employed summary execution; more employed flogging and exile. Regulators were active in almost every state, peaking recurrently from the 1790s to the late 1850s. After 1865, a few Regulator groups flourished, mainly in Missouri, Kentucky, Indiana, and Florida. Some interfered with freedmen, but most concentrated on crime deterrence and punishment. Similar organizations included Slickers, law and order leagues, citizens' committees, vigilance committees, and committees of safety.
Brown, Richard Maxwell. The South Carolina Regulators. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1963.
———. "The American Vigilante Tradition." In The History of Violence in America. Edited by Hugh Davis Graham and Ted Robert Gurr. New York: Bantam Books, 1969.
Powell, William S., James K. Huhta, and Thomas J. Farnham. The Regulators in North Carolina: A Documentary History, 1759–1776. Raleigh, N.C.: State Department of Archives and History, 1971.
See alsoVigilantes .
"Regulators." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/regulators
"Regulators." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved December 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/regulators
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.