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Chapultepec, Battle of

CHAPULTEPEC, BATTLE OF

CHAPULTEPEC, BATTLE OF (13 September 1847), took place at the western approaches to Mexico City, defended by Chapultepec, a 200-foot-high mesa crowned with stone buildings. During the Mexican-American War, after vigorous bombardment, General Winfield Scott launched General G. J. Pillow's division against the southern slopes. Against desperate resistance, the Americans mounted the walls on scaling ladders and captured the summit. General John A. Quitman's and General William J. Worth's divisions then attacked the Belén and San Cosme gates, and the city surrendered the next morning. The American losses (for the day) were 138 killed and 673 wounded. Mexican casualties are unknown, but 760 were captured. At the war's end, the army briefly discredited Pillow after a public quarrel with Scott over credit for the victory.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bauer, K. Jack. The Mexican War, 1846–1848. New York: Macmillan, 1974.

Lavender, David S. Climax at Buena Vista: The American Campaigns in Northeastern Mexico, 1846–47. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1966.

May, Robert E. John A. Quitman: Old South Crusader. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1985.

Charles WinslowElliott/a. r.

See alsoMexico City, Capture of .

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