Chapultepec, Battle of
CHAPULTEPEC, BATTLE OF
CHAPULTEPEC, BATTLE OF (13 September 1847), took place at the western approaches to Mexico City, defended by Chapultepec, a 200-foot-high mesa crowned with stone buildings. During the Mexican-American War, after vigorous bombardment, General Winfield Scott launched General G. J. Pillow's division against the southern slopes. Against desperate resistance, the Americans mounted the walls on scaling ladders and captured the summit. General John A. Quitman's and General William J. Worth's divisions then attacked the Belén and San Cosme gates, and the city surrendered the next morning. The American losses (for the day) were 138 killed and 673 wounded. Mexican casualties are unknown, but 760 were captured. At the war's end, the army briefly discredited Pillow after a public quarrel with Scott over credit for the victory.
Bauer, K. Jack. The Mexican War, 1846–1848. New York: Macmillan, 1974.
Lavender, David S. Climax at Buena Vista: The American Campaigns in Northeastern Mexico, 1846–47. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1966.
May, Robert E. John A. Quitman: Old South Crusader. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1985.
Charles WinslowElliott/a. r.
See alsoMexico City, Capture of .
"Chapultepec, Battle of." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/chapultepec-battle
"Chapultepec, Battle of." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved November 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/chapultepec-battle
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.